A non-enzymatic sensor was developed for the determination of glucose in alkaline medium by anodisation of copper in sodium potassium tartrate solution. The morphology of the modified copper electrode was studied by scanning electron microscopy, and its electrochemical behavior by cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The electrode enables direct electrocatalytic oxidation of glucose on a CuO/Cu electrode at 0.7 V in 0.1 M sodium hydroxide. At this potential, the sensor is highly selective to glucose even in the presence of ascorbic acid, uric acid, or dopamine which are common interfering species. The sensor displays a sensitivity of 761.9 μA mM−1 cm−2, a linear detection range from 2 μM to 20 mM, a response time of <1 s, and a detection limit of 1 μM (S/N = 3). It was tested for determination of glucose level in blood serum.
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Dr. Satheesh Babu T. G., Ramachandran, T., and Dr. Bipin G. Nair, “Single step modification of copper electrode for the highly sensitive and selective non-enzymatic determination of glucose”, Microchimica Acta, vol. 169, pp. 49-55, 2010.