Publication Type:

Journal Article


Materialwissenschaft und Werkstofftechnik, Wiley-VCH Verlag, Volume 48, Number 6, p.600-610 (2017)



Aluminum, Automotive industry, Forecasting, Functionally graded, Functionally graded composites, Hardness, Optimal combination, Optimal performance, Particle concentrations, Pin on disc tribometer, Regression analysis, Regression equation, Response surface methodology, scanning electron microscopy, Surface properties, Wear of materials


This paper deals with the study of dry sliding wear of LM25/silicon dioxide (10 wt.%) functionally graded composite. The composite was fabricated using stir casting technique and the melt was poured into a horizontal centrifugal die rotating at 1200 min−1. After casting, the specimen (length 150 mm, external diameter 150 mm and internal diameter 130 mm) was subjected to microstructure and hardness tests at three different depths from the outer periphery (1 mm, 8 mm and 13 mm). The results of the respective tests revealed that the outer periphery of the specimen had higher particle concentration and hardness. Then, wear test was done on a pin-on-disc tribometer at room temperature with the experiments designed using response surface methodology and by taking specimens of size 8 x 8 x 15 mm such that the surface undergoing wear was at 1 mm from the outer periphery of the cast. The process variables of load (10 - 40 N), velocity (1 - 4 m/s) and sliding distance (400 - 1200 m) were varied using a level 5 design and experiments were carried on for 20 different optimal combinations. From the regression equation generated for the wear response, it was found that load had maximum effect on the wear rate. The confirmation experiments proved that the regression model could serve well in predicting the wear rate for the given ranges of the continuous factors, for the given composite. Surface plots showed that the wear rate had an increasing trend with respect to load, which was the dominating continuous factor. Though the wear rate increased, severe delamination of the functionally graded composite was delayed. The optimum levels of the continuous factors to minimize the wear rate were found using response optimisation and found to be 10 N, 1.7576 m/s and 2000 m respectively. Scanning electron microscopy analysis of the worn surface of the specimens connected to the obtained trends and thus further validated the model developed. Thus, a functionally graded LM13 composite with silicon dioxid reinforcements is developed and a wear model to predict its wear rate under different process parameters is proposed with predictions of optimal performance conditions. This composite can increase life of components of wear applications in aerospace and automobile industry. © 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim


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Cite this Research Publication

K. A. Bhatija and Dr. Radhika N, “Studies on sliding wear characteristics of aluminium LM25/silicon dioxide functionally graded composite and optimisation of parameters using response surface methodology [Untersuchungen des Abriebverschleißverhaltens von funktionell gradiertem Aluminium”, Materialwissenschaft und Werkstofftechnik, vol. 48, pp. 600-610, 2017.

NIRF 2017