Background: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is retinal disease associated with diabetes. DR is the leading cause of blindness among working aged adults around the world. High blood pressure is an established risk factor for the development of macular edema and is associated with the presence of PDR. Objective: To find the influence of factors in the prediction of DR by using multiple regression analysis approach and find out the thickness of the center of retina (macula). Methods: 200 diabetic retinopathy patients were selected through simple random sampling by using pre-designed and pre-tested questionnaire. Macular edema thickness is to be measured by Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) in the unit of μm and to find other influencing factors age, gender, duration of diabetics, level of hyperglycemia (HbA1c), HDL, triglycerides, family history, hypertension, LDL related to DR. Results: Out 200 patients, 133 (66.50%) were male and 67 (33.50%) were female. Mean age of the patients was 59.78 ± 11.31 years and range was 24 – 87 years. The mean thickness of the center of the retina (macula) was 452.30 ± 138.92 μm. In this paper, the influencing factors were indentified, gender and HDL were had no influence over for developing DR. Conclusion: The influencing factors have been indentified and on the basis of which prediction of DR for a person is identified. By finding the influencing factors of DR and one can protect themselves from the development of DR.
Sumathi Senthilvel, Senthilvel, V., Radhakrishnan, R., Sathiyamoorthi, R., and Jayanthi, V., “A study on finding influencing factors on diabetic retinopathy among diabetic patients using Multiple Regression approach”, IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 20-23, 2014.