Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

ACS OmegaACS Omega, American Chemical Society, Volume 5, Issue 28, p.17582 - 17591 (2020)

URL:

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsomega.0c02045

Abstract:

Bare metal stents (BMSs) of stainless steel (SS) were surface engineered to develop nanoscale titania topography using a combination of physical vapor deposition and thermochemical processing. The nanoleafy architecture formed on the stent surface remained stable and adherent upon repeated crimping and expansion, as well as under flow. This titania nanoengineered stent showed a preferential proliferation of endothelial cells over smooth muscle cells in vitro, which is an essential requirement for improving the in vivo endothelialization, with concurrent reduction of intimal hyperplasia. The efficacy of this surface-modified stent was assessed after implantation in rabbit iliac arteries for 8 weeks. Significant reduction in neointimal thickening and thereby in-stent restenosis with complete endothelial coverage was observed for the nanotextured stents, compared to BMSs, even without the use of any antiproliferative agents or polymers as in drug-eluting stents. Nanotexturing of stents did not induce any inflammatory response, akin to BMSs. This study thus indicates the effectiveness of a facile titania nanotopography on SS stents for coronary applications and the possibility of bringing this low-priced material back to clinics.Bare metal stents (BMSs) of stainless steel (SS) were surface engineered to develop nanoscale titania topography using a combination of physical vapor deposition and thermochemical processing. The nanoleafy architecture formed on the stent surface remained stable and adherent upon repeated crimping and expansion, as well as under flow. This titania nanoengineered stent showed a preferential proliferation of endothelial cells over smooth muscle cells in vitro, which is an essential requirement for improving the in vivo endothelialization, with concurrent reduction of intimal hyperplasia. The efficacy of this surface-modified stent was assessed after implantation in rabbit iliac arteries for 8 weeks. Significant reduction in neointimal thickening and thereby in-stent restenosis with complete endothelial coverage was observed for the nanotextured stents, compared to BMSs, even without the use of any antiproliferative agents or polymers as in drug-eluting stents. Nanotexturing of stents did not induce any inflammatory response, akin to BMSs. This study thus indicates the effectiveness of a facile titania nanotopography on SS stents for coronary applications and the possibility of bringing this low-priced material back to clinics.

Cite this Research Publication

Cherian Aleena Mary, Joseph John, Dr. Manitha B. Nair, Shantikumar V Nair, Maniyal Vijayakumar, and Dr. Deepthy Menon, “Successful Reduction of Neointimal Hyperplasia on Stainless Steel Coronary Stents by Titania Nanotexturing”, ACS OmegaACS Omega, vol. 5, no. 28, pp. 17582 - 17591, 2020.