In this present study, a highly conductive thermally reduced graphene oxide (TRGO) was synthesized by a low temperature thermal reduction method using RF heating, under an argon-hydrogen atmosphere. The crystallinity and morphology were examined by X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy and TEM analysis. The chemical structure including the functional groups present on TRGO was studied using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and FTIR analysis. The studies reveal that thermal reduction of graphene oxide was successful under the experimental conditions and that the TRGO had high crystallinity. Further, the performance of the as-prepared TRGO was tested as a counter electrode (CE) in a dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC). The maximum power conversion efficiency (PCE) obtained was 4.86% for TRGO under one sun illumination, which is comparable to that of a platinum CE-based DSSC (5.24%). The electrocatalytic activity and electron transfer kinetics were examined by cyclic voltammetry (CV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and Tafel measurements. The series resistance () and charge transfer resistance () values were found to be 35.4 Ωcm and 56.40 Ωcm for TRGO. The results reveal that the TRGO had an electrocatalytic performance similar to that of Pt, making TRGO-CEs promising alternatives to the conventional Pt-CEs in DSSCs.
R. Senthilkumar, S Raj, M., Ramakrishnan, S., Dr. Duraisamy Kumaresan, and Dr. Nikhil K. Kothurkar, “Thermally Reduced Graphene Oxide as a Counter Electrode Material for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells.”, J Nanosci Nanotechnol, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 2158-2165, 2019.