Publication Type:

Journal Article


Energy and Fuels, American Chemical Society, Volume 28, Issue 8, p.5415-5425 (2014)



Combustors, Computer simulation, Equivalence ratios, Heat flux, Inlet flow, Numerical investigations, Operating condition, Propane, Propane-air premixed flames, Reaction mechanism, Stand-off distance (SoD), Steady state characteristics, Thermal conductivity, Three dimensional simulations


A numerical investigation of steady laminar premixed propane-air flames is presented. A three-dimensional simulation has been performed to examine the impact of operating conditions on steady-state characteristics of a perforated burner flame. A numerical simulation has been carried out using a reduced propane-air reaction mechanism having 30 species and 192 reactions. The results are validated against the one-dimensional flat-flame result obtained using PREMIX. Effects of the equivalence ratio, inlet velocity, hole-hole distance, and plate thermal conductivity on flame stability are examined. The flame stand-off distance increases with the increase in the inlet velocity. As the equivalence ratio increases, the heat flux to the plate increases as the flame moves closer to the plate. When the plate is adiabatic, the conical flame rests on the plate. The flame stand-off distance increases as the plate thermal conductivity is increased. The flame moves downstream of the plate as the distance between the adjacent holes is increased. © 2014 American Chemical Society.


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Cite this Research Publication

E. V. Jithin, Dr. Ratna Kishore V., and Varghese, R. J., “Three-dimensional simulations of steady perforated-plate stabilized propane-air premixed flames”, Energy and Fuels, vol. 28, no. 8, pp. 5415-5425, 2014.