The major difficulty faced in a machining process is predicting the failure of cutting tools and analyzing the stipulated time for tool replacement. The former and latter can be achieved through a monitoring system that surveys the effective condi-tion. This present research work is focused on analyzing tool condition by adopting a vibration signature during the ma-chining of a hybrid aluminum alloy composite using various coolants. The experiments were conducted employing various tools under optimum process parameters utilizing vegetable based cutting oil as a coolant. During the machining process, a vibration signature from the workpiece was acquired using an NI 6221 M series DAQ card allowing for various time domain features to be extracted. The arithmetic mean and skewness significantly increased for dull tools. Based on the extracted features, a decision making algorithm for tool condition monitoring system has been proposed. The result shows that the features extracted increased consecutively with an increase in flank wear.
T. Mohanraj, Shankar, S., Rajasekar, R., Deivasigamani, R., and Arunkumar, P. Muthusamy, “Tool condition monitoring in the milling process with vegetable based cutting fluids using vibration signatures”, Materials Testing, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 282–288, 2019.