The ability of a room-temperature air-atmosphere (RTAA) co-precipitation method to tune the magnetic properties of iron oxide nanoparticles was investigated. It was demonstrated that superparamagnetic nanoparticles with different particle sizes ranging from 7 to 25 nm and magnetic properties with saturation magnetization between 2 to 75 emu g(-1) can be synthesized by simply controlling the molar ratio of ferrous to ferric ions and the concentration of ammonium solution, without heat treatment or oxygen-level control. It was revealed that the tuning of the magnetic properties was associated with the compositional control between magnetite and maghemite. Ammonium concentration was also an important factor to obtain dispersed superparamagnetic (SPM) or ferrimagnetic (FM) nanoparticles.
S. Vikram, Dhakshnamoorthy, M., Vasanthakumari, R., Rajamani, A. R., Rangarajan, M., and Tsuzuki, T., “Tuning the Magnetic Properties of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles by a Room-Temperature Air-Atmosphere (RTAA) Co-Precipitation Method.”, J Nanosci Nanotechnol, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 3870-8, 2015.