Pure titanium substrate was subjected to chemical treatment with different concentrations of hydrogen peroxide and subsequently heat treated to produce a titania gel layer with anatase nature. The surface modified substrates were then immersed in simulated body fluid for the formation of calcium phosphate layer over the surface. Titanium treated with 15 wt.% of hydrogen peroxide produced a uniform porous layer, which was found to induce the calcium phosphate formation more easily. However, titanium treated with 5 wt.% and 25 wt.% of hydrogen peroxide exhibited inhomogeneous surface for the growth of calcium phosphate layer. Further, the corrosion behaviour of the untreated and hydrogen peroxide treated specimens in simulated body fluid was evaluated using potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The results have shown that the surface modified titanium using 15 wt.% of hydrogen peroxide exhibited higher corrosion resistance compared to specimens treated with other concentrations of hydrogen peroxide.
Dr. Karthega M., Nagarajan, S., and Rajendran, N., “In vitro studies of hydrogen peroxide treated titanium for biomedical applications”, Electrochimica Acta, vol. 55, pp. 2201 - 2209, 2010.