Energy conservation is a major topic of concern since our energy sources are exhausting exponentially. This paper focuses on waste heat recovery using which scrap preheating is done in metal castings using sand molds. During solidification of molten metal, most of the heat is lost to the sand. The proposal is to prepare the sand mould with aluminium shots surrounding the mold cavity. These shots absorb some of the heat from the solidifying metal in the mold cavity. The heated shots are separated from the mold and they are allowed to transfer their heat energy to the metal scrap by conduction. The experiments indicate that at least 6.4% of heat recovery is achievable. This will be instrumental in reducing the enormous amount of energy spent to melt the metal considering the fact that casting is the most widely used manufacturing process globally.
J. Selvaraj, Thennarasu, M., Aravind, S., and Ashok, P., “Waste Heat Recovery from Castings and Scrap Preheating by Recovered Heat Using an Intermediate Heat Transfer Medium”, Advances in Mechanical Engineering, vol. 813-814 , pp. 776 -781, 2015.