Water is an important natural resource which needs constant quality monitoring for ensuring its safe use. This paper introduces a river water quality monitoring system based on wireless sensor network which helps in continuous and remote monitoring of the water quality data in India. The wireless sensor node in the system is designed for monitoring the pH of water, which is one of the main parameters that affect the quality of water. The proposed sensor node design mainly comprises of a signal conditioning module, processing module, wireless communication module and the power module. The sensed pH value will be wirelessly transmitted to the base station using Zigbee communication after the required signal conditioning and processing techniques. The circuit for the sensor node is designed, simulated and the hardware prototype is developed using the appropriate components which minimize the power requirement of the system and provides a cost effective platform for monitoring water quality.
K. A. Menon, Dr. Maneesha V. Ramesh, and P., D., “Wireless Sensor Network for River Water Quality Monitoring in India”, in Third International Conference on Computing Communication & Networking Technologies (ICCCNT), 2012 , Coimbatore, 2012.