Diabetic wound healing is a challenging problem to solve as it requires the integration of interdependent processes that involve signal transduction input from inflammation, cell migration, cell proliferation, cell differentiation and production of extracellular protein components. A number of factors including Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF), Matrix Metalloproteinases, as well as Nitric Oxide (NO) play unique roles independently, or through cross talk between these factors and thereby have a profound impact on the wound healing process.
The potential for utilizing natural products (e.g. Anacardic Acid from Cashew nut Shell Liquid) as an invaluable repository for the discovery of novel drug candidates and developing these leads as ideal templates to design effective drugs are important milestones being pursued by the laboratory.
Another approach also involves study of in-silico methods of pathway modeling to understand mechanisms involved in Wound Healing. This approach will help in unraveling the molecular effects resulting from the concerted actions of many modulators by taking into account a detailed dynamic representation of the same.
Athira Omanakuttan, Jyotsna Nambiar, Rodney M. Harris, Chinchu Bose, Nanjan Pandurangan, Rebu K. Varghese, Geetha B. Kumar, John A. Tainer, Asoke Banerji, J. Jefferson P. Perry and Bipin G. Nair. “Anacardic Acid Inhibits the Catalytic Activity of Matrix Metalloproteinase-2 and Matrix Metalloproteinase-9.” Mol Pharmacol 82:614–622, 2012.