COURSE NAME: Human Physiology
PROGRAM: B.Sc.Biotechnology


  1. Basic cell physiology-Cell- Introduction, Cell Organelles,Cell membrane,Movement of the substances and water through the cell membrane,Bioelectric potentials
  2. Neuro muscular system-Muscles- Skeletal muscles-Properties of skeletal muscles, Muscular    contraction and relaxation, Neuromuscular junction,Sarcotubular system,Smooth muscle- mechanism of contraction
  3. Nervous system-Sensory nervous system, Motor nervous system ,Higher functions of the nervous system,Synapse, ReflexesCerebrospinal fluid, Blood brain and blood CSF barrier
  4. Blood and lymph-Functions of Blood,Hemopoesis,Erythropoeisis,Anemias,granulocytes and agranulocytes,Macrophage system, lama proteins,Hemostasis,Blood groups.
  5.  Circulatory system- Functional anatomy of the heart, Properties of cardiac muscles,Conducting system of the heart ,Pressure changes during cardiac cycles, Capillary circulation, Arterial  and venous blood pressure
  6. Gastro intestinal system- General structure of alimentary canal,Gastric secretion, Pancreatic secretion, Gastric motility-digestive peristalsis Gastrointestinal hormones
  7. Renal physiology- Structure of kidney, Nephrones, Juxtra glomerular filtrate,Reabsorption, Secretion-mechanism of secretion, Concentrating  and diluting mechanism of urine,Dialysis
  8. Respiratory system-Mechanism of breathing, Ventilation,Regulation of respiration, Transport of gases,Hypoxia, Artificial ventilation, Non respiratory functions of the lungs
  9. Endocrinology-Endocrine glands, hormones ,their functions


  1. Guyton AC and Hall JE,Text book of medical  physiology.


  1. Ganong WF Review of Medical Physiology.
  2. JOHNSON, Leonard R,Essential Medical Physiology
  3. Nordin M and Frankel VH,Basic biomechanics of the musculoskeleton system,Lippincot,Williams and Wilkins.
  4. Foundation and principle of bacteriology-A.J.Salle