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Dr. Balaji Bakthavatchalam

Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, Chennai

Qualification: M.Tech, Ph.D
b_balaji@ch.amrita.edu 
ORCID ID
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Research Interest: Computational Fluid Dynamics, Energy Efficient Buildings, Energy Technology and Systems, Heat Transfer, Thermoelectrics, Thermofluids

Bio

Dr. Balaji Bakthavatchalam currently serves as Assistant Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Amrita School of Engineering, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Chennai Campus. 

Publications

Journal Article

Year : 2022

Metallic Oxides for Innovative Refrigerant Thermo-Physical Properties: Mathematical Models

Cite this Research Publication : Khairul Habib, Mohammed Ahmed, Ahmed Qays Abdullah, Omer A Alawi, Balaji Bakthavatchalam, Omar A Hussein, Metallic Oxides for Innovative Refrigerant Thermo-Physical Properties: Mathematical Models. Tikrit Journal of Engineering Sciences 29 (2022) 1-15

Publisher : Tikrit Journal of Engineering Sciences

Year : 2022

Artificial Neural Network Modeling and Optimiztion of Thermophysical Behavior of MXene Ionanofluids for Hybrid Solar Photovoltaic and Thermal Systems

Cite this Research Publication : Nagoor Basha Shaik, Muddasser Inayat, Watit Benjapolakul, Balaji Bakthavatchalam, Surendra D. Barewar, Widhyakorn Asdornwised, Surachai Chaitusaney, Artificial Neural Network Modeling and Optimiztion of Thermophysical Behavior of MXene Ionanofluids for Hybrid Solar Photovoltaic and Thermal Systems, Thermal Science and Engineering Progress (2022)

Publisher : Thermal Science and Engineering Progress

Year : 2021

Failure analysis of a broken SA564 stainless steel pump shaft

Cite this Research Publication : Hussain P.B., Shaik N.B., Mokhtar A.A.B, Balaji Bakthavatchalam, Ahmad F. and Harun M.S.B, Failure analysis of a broken SA564 stainless steel pump shaft, International Journal of Materials and Product Technology, 62 (2021) 152-166.

Publisher : International Journal of Materials and Product Technology

Year : 2021

Corrosion Behavior of LENS Deposited CoCrMo Alloy Using Bayesian Regularization-Based Artificial Neural Network (BRANN)

Cite this Research Publication : Shaik N.B., Kedar Malik, Balaji Bakthavatchalam, Q. Fatima, Faisal Rehman, Ajit Behera, Dipen Kumar, Catalin Pruncu, Corrosion Behavior of LENS Deposited CoCrMo Alloy Using Bayesian Regularization-Based Artificial Neural Network (BRANN). Journal of Bio- and Tribo-Corrosion 7, 116 (2021).

Publisher : Journal of Bio- and Tribo-Corrosion

Year : 2021

Investigation on the physical properties and diffusion layer phase transformation at the interface of Sialon-Duplex Stainless-Steel bonding

Cite this Research Publication : Rady, M. A., Hussain, P., Shaik, N. B., & Bakthavatchalam, B., Investigation on the physical properties and diffusion layer phase transformation at the interface of Sialon-Duplex Stainless-Steel bonding. Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences, 15(3), 8450–8458 (2021)

Publisher : Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences

Year : 2021

Optimization of thermophysical and rheological properties of MXene Ionanofluids for hybrid Solar Photovoltaic/Thermal systems

Cite this Research Publication : Balaji Bakthavatchalam, K. Habib, R. Saidur, N. Aslfattahi, S. M. Yahya, A. Rashedi, Taslima Khanam, Optimization of thermophysical and rheological properties of MXene Ionanofluids for hybrid Solar Photovoltaic/Thermal systems, Nanomaterials 11 (2021), 320.

Publisher : Nanomaterials

Year : 2020

Thermal and Rheological Properties of Metallic Oxides Based Nanorefrigerants: Effect of Nanoparticles Type and Shape

Cite this Research Publication : H.K. Dawooda; Omar A. Hussein; Ahmed Qays Abdullah; Balaji Bakthavatchalam, Thermal and Rheological Properties of Metallic Oxides Based Nanorefrigerants: Effect of Nanoparticles Type and Shape, Solid State Technology, 63 (2020) 4405–4423

Publisher : Solid State Technology

Year : 2020

Analysis of Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes Porosimetry and Their Thermal Conductivity with Ionic Liquid-Based Solvents

Cite this Research Publication : Balaji Bakthavatchalam, K. Habib, R. Saidur, N.B. Shaik, T.L. Ginta, Analysis of Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes Porosimetry and Their Thermal Conductivity with Ionic Liquid-Based Solvents, Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 77 (2020) 63–75.

Publisher : Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences

Year : 2020

Heat transfer rate optimization of an ionanofluid based heat sink using ANSYS

Cite this Research Publication : Balaji Bakthavatchalam, K. Habib, O.A. Hussein, R. Saidur, K. Irshad, Heat transfer rate optimization of an ionanofluid based heat sink using ANSYS, International Journal of Automotive and Mechanical Engineering, 2020, 17(4), 8326

Publisher : International Journal of Automotive and Mechanical Engineering

Year : 2020

An Artificial Intelligence Approach to Predict the Thermophysical Properties of MWCNT Nanofluids

Cite this Research Publication : Balaji Bakthavatchalam, N.B. Shaik, P. Bin Hussain, An Artificial Intelligence Approach to Predict the Thermophysical Properties of MWCNT Nanofluids, Processes, 8 (2020) 693.

Publisher : Processes

Year : 2020

Comparative evaluation on the thermal properties and stability of MWCNT nanofluid with conventional surfactants and ionic liquid

Cite this Research Publication : Balaji Bakthavatchalam, K. Habib, C.D. Wilfred, R. Saidur, B.B. Saha, Comparative evaluation on the thermal properties and stability of MWCNT nanofluid with conventional surfactants and ionic liquid, Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 4 (2020), 142.

Publisher : Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

Year : 2020

Investigation of Electrical conductivity, optical property, and stability of 2D MXene nanofluid containing ionic liquids

Cite this Research Publication : Balaji Bakthavatchalam, K. Habib, R. Saidur, N. Aslfattahi, A. Rashedi, Investigation of Electrical conductivity, optical property, and stability of 2D MXene nanofluid containing ionic liquids, Applied Sciences, 2020, 10(24), 8943

Publisher : Applied Sciences

Year : 2020

Influence of solvents on the enhancement of thermophysical properties and stability of MWCNT nanofluid

Cite this Research Publication : Balaji Bakthavatchalam, K. Habib, R. Saidur, S. Shahabuddin, B.B. Saha, Influence of solvents on the enhancement of thermophysical properties and stability of MWCNT nanofluid, Nanotechnology, 31 (2020) 235402

Publisher : Nanotechnology

Year : 2020

Comprehensive study on nanofluid and ionanofluid for heat transfer enhancement: A review on current and future perspective

Cite this Research Publication : Balaji Bakthavatchalam, K. Habib, R. Saidur, B.B. Saha, K. Irshad, Comprehensive study on nanofluid and ionanofluid for heat transfer enhancement: A review on current and future perspective, Journal of Molecular Liquids 305 (2020), 112787.

Publisher : Journal of Molecular Liquids

Year : 2019

Numerical Analysis of Humidification Dehumidification Desalination System

Cite this Research Publication : Balaji Bakthavatchalam, K. Rajasekar, K. Habib, R. Saidur, F. Basrawi, Numerical Analysis of Humidification Dehumidification Desalination System, Evergreen, 6 (2019) 9–17.

Publisher : Evergreen

Conference Paper

Year : 2020

An investigation of thermal stability and heat capacity of imidazolium based ionic liquids at elevated temperature

Cite this Research Publication : Balaji Bakthavatchalam, K. Habib, R. Saidur, K. Irshad, O.A. Hussein, An investigation of thermal stability and heat capacity of imidazolium based ionic liquids at elevated temperature, IOP Conference Series Material Science Engineering 863 (2020) 012026.

Publisher : IOP Conference Series Material Science Engineering

Year : 2018

Microstructural analysis of Al6063/sic with calcium additives for hardness enhancement

Cite this Research Publication : Balaji Bakthavatchalam, K. Habib, N. Patil, O.A. Hussein, Microstructural analysis of Al6063/sic with calcium additives for hardness enhancement, MATEC Web Conference 225 (2018) 03007.

Publisher : MATEC Web Conference

Year : 2018

Turbulence Combined Convective Heat Transfer and Nanofluids Flows over Double Forward Facing Steps

Cite this Research Publication : O. Hussein, K. Habib, M. Nasif, A. Muhsan, Balaji Bakthavatchalam, Turbulence Combined Convective Heat Transfer and Nanofluids Flows over Double Forward Facing Steps, MATEC Web Conference 225 (2018) 01007.

Publisher : MATEC Web Conference

Book Chapter

Year : 2021

Thermoelectric Air Conditioners for Tropical Countries

Cite this Research Publication : Bakthavatchalam Balaji, Habib K. (2021) Thermoelectric Air Conditioners for Tropical Countries. In: Sulaiman S.A. (eds) Clean Energy Opportunities in Tropical Countries. Green Energy and Technology. Springer, Singapore.

Publisher : Springer

Year : 2021

Stability and thermal Conductivity evaluation of less concentration surfactant wrapped functionalized graphene dispersed in ethylene glycol

Cite this Research Publication : Bakthavatchalam Balaji, Habib K., Pugazhandhi B., Keerthana B., Sundarajoo Thulasiraman and Pongiannan R.K. (2021) Stability and thermal Conductivity evaluation of less concentration surfactant wrapped functionalized graphene dispersed in ethylene glycol, Lecturer Notes in Mechanical Engineering, Springer

Publisher : Springer

Education
  • 2017 – 2022: Ph.D (Energy and Thermofluids): Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Malaysia. 
  • 2013 – 2015: M.Tech. (Energy Technology): Puducherry Technological University, Puducherry, India. 
  • 2009 – 2013: B. E. (Mechanical Engineering): Anna University, India. 
Professional Appointments
May 2022 – Present  Assistant Professor, Amrita School of Engineering, Chennai Campus 
2015 – 2017  Assistant Professor, Avvaiyar College of Engineering & Technology for Women, Puducherry. 
Awards & Recognitions
  • Received BEST POSTGRADUATE STUDENT award in Mechanical Department, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Malaysia for the year 2021. 
  • Received GRADUATE ASSISTANTSHIP (GA) scholarship of 20 lakhs INR from Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS (YUTP), Malaysia for pursuing PhD. 
  • Received BEST OUTSTANDING PRESENTER award at the 5th International Conference on Mechanical, Manufacturing and Plant Engineering (ICMMPE 2019) held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (Paper ID: 198643).  
  • Received BRONZE AWARD in THESIS IN 5 MINUTES competition with the title “Development and Performance Evaluation of a Novel Nanofluid Assisted Thermoelectric Air Conditioner for Energy Efficient Buildings” in PhD Science, Engineering, Technology, 1st March 2021, MNNF Network, Malaysia. 
  • Received BRONZE AWARD in RESEARCH & INNOVATION POSTER competition with the title “Development and Performance Evaluation of a Novel Nanofluid Assisted Thermoelectric Air Conditioner for Energy Efficient Buildings” in PhD Science, Engineering, Technology, 29th January 2021, MNNF Network, Malaysia. 
Patents

Nanofluid assisted thermoelectric air conditioner for efficient space conditioning”, Intellectual Property Corporation of Malaysia (MyIPO), Filing No.: IP2021006672, 9th November 2021. (Authors: Dr. Balaji Bakthavatchalam and Dr. Khairul Habib) 

Technical skills
  • Languages: MATLAB, FORTRAN 
  • Design and Meshing Software: AutoCAD, Solidworks, ANSYS, ALTAIR 
  • CFD Solvers: ANSYS Fluent, OpenFOAM 
  • Building Performance Analyser: TRNSYS 
  • Other Softwares: OriginPro, LaTex, Linux 
  • Expert in prototyping and setting up experiments, particularly with regard to temperature, flow and pressure measurements. 
  • Experimental Devices:  

– Thermogravimetric Analyzer, Differential Scanning Calorimetry, Thermal Analyzer (KD2 Pro &TEMPOS), UV-Vis Spectrometer, FTIR spectroscopy, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Particle Analyzer, Rheometer and Density meter. 

– Testo 480 (Indoor air quality, relative humidity, thermal comfort etc.), Davis Vantage Pro (weather forecast, solar radiation, heat index, dew point etc.), Graphtec (data logger) 

Research Grants/Funded Projects

Graduate Research Assistant for the project “Heat transfer rate enhancement of an anti-fouling layer coated heat exchanger-based chiller with a novel ionic nanofluid” under FRGS (Fundamental Research Grant Scheme) of the Yayasan Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS (YUTP), Malaysia. Project Outlay: 32,97,327 INR. 

Courses Taught
  1. Engineering Thermodynamics 
  1. Heat and mass transfer 
  1. Fluid mechanics 
Academic Service

Reviewer for the following International Journals: 

  1. Thermal Science and Engineering Progress (Elsevier)
  2. Corrosion Engineering Science and Technology (Taylor & Francis) 
  3. Physics Scripta (IOP) 
  4. Nanotechnology (IOP) 
  5. Energies (MDPI) 
  6. Polymers (MDPI) 
  7. Sustainability (MDPI) 
Professional Membership

Member of Energy Institute, London, UK (Membership No. 0075469) 

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