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Program Overview

Rigveda is considered the most ancient literature of humankind and is one of the fundamental texts of the ancient rishis who dedicated their lives to the welfare of the world. The Vedas played a significant role in laying the foundation of the great Indian civilization. The proponents of the Vedas have been subject to various theories, with some speculating them to be indigenous to India, while others suggest they were migrants or even invaders from the middle-eastern regions of Asia. However, most of these arguments lack credible primary sources and are mere conjecture. To address this, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham is offering a free online course that examines geographical information from the primary source, Rigveda. This course will be curated by Sri Jijith Nadumuri Ravi, a distinguished academic, writer, and former ISRO space scientist.

Program Structure

Total 35 sessions / modules. Each online session / module can be 30 to 45 minutes of duration done over the weekends, spanning 35 weeks. This can be a 6 month course or 1 year course

  • Introduction
  • Summary of the Ṛgvedic Chronology
  • The Ṛgvedic Patrons
    • The Pañcajanas (Five-Peoples)
    • The Tṛtsus (Pāñcālas)
    • The Pārthavas (Anus)
    • The Tṛkṣis (Western Ikṣvākus)
    • The Śaryātas (Haihayas)
    • The Other-Pūrus (Saṃvaraṇa Bharatas)
    • Numerous other kings
  • The Ṛgvedic Poets
    • The pre Ṛgvedic sages
  • The Ṛgvedic Composers
  • The Ṛgvedic Devatas
    • Indra
  • Agni
    • The Other Devatas
  • The Ṛgvedic Rivers
    • The Chronological Analysis of the River Data
    • The expansion of the Ṛgvedic Geography
  • The zero point of the Ṛgvedic Geography
    • Iḷaspada
    • Nābhā Pṛthivyā, Vara ā Pṛthivyā and Kurukṣetra
    • The Zero Point Region
    • 08: The Other Ṛgvedic Regions
    • Sapta Sindhu
    • Śaryaṇāvat
    • The Gandharva Region
    • Kīkaṭa 91
    • Matsya
    • Cedi
  • Hariyūpīyā and Yavyāvatī
  • Gaṅgā
    • Gaṅgā in the 6th Maṇḍala
    • Gaṅgā as Jahnāvī in the 3rd Mandala
    • Gaṅgā in the 1st Maṇḍala
    • Gaṅgā in the 10th Maṇḍala
    • Gaṅgā as the frontier of the Bharatas
  • Sarasvatī
    • Sarasvatī in the 6th Maṇḍala
    • Sarasvatī in the 3rd and 7th Maṇḍala
    • Sarasvatī the in the Middle Maṇḍalas
    • Sarasvatī in the 8th and 9th Maṇḍala
    • Sarasvatī in the 10th Maṇḍala
  • Dṛṣadvatī
  • Āpayā
  • Vipāś and Śutudrī
    • The Vṛtra in Vipāś and Śutudrī
    • The Bharata expansion beyond Vipāś and Śutudrī The crushed cart on the banks of river Vipāś The Wheel of Sun and the Four Yugas
  • Yamunā
  • Vasiṣṭha becomes the priest of Sudās
    • The Battle of Yamunā
    • The Maruts as patrons, on the banks of Yamunā 16: Paruṣṇī
    • The Dāśarājña Battle of Paruṣṇī
    • The Dāśarājña Battle and the IE Migrations
    • Paruṣṇī’s association with Indra and the Maruts 17: Asiknī
    • The Battle of Asiknī
  • Asiknī as a source of the medicinal plants
  • Asiknī and Black Skin
  • Vibālī (Vitastā)
  • Sindhu
    • Sindhu in the Nadī Stuti
    • The noun Sindhu referring other rivers
    • Sindhu and the Aśvins
    • The kings ruling along the Sindhu River
    • Other References to Sindhu
  • Sarayu
    • The battle on the banks of Sarayu
    • Is Ṛgvedic Sarayu an Afghan River?
    • The relative location of Sarayu
    • Sarayu as the Haro River
    • The Tṛkṣi-Ikṣvākus of Śaryaṇāvat
    • The Ancestral Sarayu
    • Sarayu and Rāmāyaṇa
    • Sarayu and Avestan Texts
  • Ūrjayantī and Sarapas
  • Śiphā, Añjasī, Kuliśī and Vīrapatnī
  • Kubhā and Krumu
  • Anitabhā
  • Gomatī and Mehatnū
    • Gomatī
    • Mehatnū
  • Ārjīkīyā and Suṣomā
  • Rasā
    • Ṛgvedic Rasā and Avestan Raṅhā
    • Rasā, Saramā and the Paṇis
  • Tṛṣṭāmā, Susartū and Śvetyā
  • Suvāstu, Gaurī, Śvetayāvarī and Aśmanvatī
    • Suvāstu and Gaurī
    • Śvetayāvarī
  • Aśmanvatī
  • Aṃśumatī
  • Marudvṛdhā and Vitastā
  • Vitastā as the Avestan Dâitya River
    • The Anu as Daitya-Dānavas
  • Vājinīvatī, Ūrṇāvatī, Sīlamāvatī
  • The Samudra (Sea)
    • Samudra in the Early Maṇḍalas
    • Samudra in the Middle Maṇḍalas
    • Samudra in the Late Maṇḍalas
    • The Northward Migrations from the Southern Sea The sea-trade to land trade networks
  • The Ṛgvedic Geography and Archaeology Reconciling Ṛgvedic chronology with Archaeology Archaeology and Divodāsa
  • Archaeology and Rāma
    • The Southern Extent of the Ṛgvedic Geography The Western Extent of the Ṛgvedic Geography The Northern Extent of the Ṛgvedic Geography
  • The Conclusions
    • Summary of the River Identities
    • The pre-Ṛgvedic Migrations
    • The Early Migrations
    • The Reverse Migrations
    • Summary of Migrations
    • Summary of the Regions and Places


Jijith Nadumuri Ravi

Sri Jijith Nadumuri Ravi is a former space scientist with ISRO who contributed to the Chandrayan 1 GSO-LTO orbit design, and the GSLV launches D2, F01 and F02. He is currently into research on Rigveda, Ramayana and the Mahabharata focusing on their geography and chronology.

The Amrita
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