Back close

Evolution and clinical advances of platelet-rich fibrin in musculoskeletal regeneration

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : MDPI

Source : Bioengineering Volume 10 Issue 1 Pages 58, 2023

Url :

Campus : Coimbatore

School : School of Physical Sciences

Department : Chemistry

Year : 2023

Abstract : Over the past few decades, various forms of platelet concentrates have evolved with significant clinical utility. The newer generation products, including leukocyte-platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) and advanced platelet-rich fibrin (A-PRF), have shown superior biological properties in musculoskeletal regeneration than the first-generation concentrates, such as platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and plasma rich in growth factors. These newer platelet concentrates have a complete matrix of physiological fibrin that acts as a scaffold with a three-dimensional (3D) architecture. Further, it facilitates intercellular signaling and migration, thereby promoting angiogenic, chondrogenic, and osteogenic activities. A-PRF with higher leukocyte inclusion possesses antimicrobial activity than the first generations. Due to the presence of enormous amounts of growth factors and anti-inflammatory cytokines that are released, A-PRF has the potential to replicate the various physiological and immunological factors of wound healing. In addition, there are more neutrophils, monocytes, and macrophages, all of which secrete essential chemotactic molecules. As a result, both L-PRF and A-PRF are used in the management of musculoskeletal conditions, such as chondral injuries, tendinopathies, tissue regeneration, and other sports-related injuries. In addition to this, its applications have been expanded to include the fields of reconstructive cosmetic surgery, wound healing in diabetic patients, and maxillofacial surgeries.

Cite this Research Publication : Ragunanthan Narayanaswamy, Bishnu Prasad Patro, Naveen Jeyaraman, Prakash Gangadaran, Ramya Lakshmi Rajendran, Arulkumar Nallakumarasamy, Madhan Jeyaraman, Prasanna Ramani, Byeong-Cheol Ahn, "Evolution and clinical advances of platelet-rich fibrin in musculoskeletal regeneration", Bioengineering Volume 10 Issue 1 Pages 58, 2023

Admissions Apply Now