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Design and thermal analysis of nanofluid-based compound parabolic concentrator

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : Elsevier

Source : Renewable Energy, Vol. 185, pp. 348-362. (doi:

Url :

Campus : Coimbatore

School : School of Artificial Intelligence - Coimbatore

Year : 2022

Abstract : Given the enormous demand for intermediate temperature applications such as heating, cooling, desalination and process industry; it is imperative to develop efficient low-cost solar thermal systems. In this direction, we propose a nanofluid based volumetrically absorbing receiver housed in a novel asymmetric compound parabolic concentrator (NCPC). Herein, we synergize the benefits of volumetric absorption and non-imaging concentrators for enhancing the output temperatures without increasing the collector area. A comprehensive optical-thermal modeling framework has been developed to assess the performance of the proposed design. Detailed analysis reveals that proposed design maintains high optical efficiency for a much wider range of angle of incidence (acceptable values of AOI: 30° to +90°) as compared to the conventional CPC design (acceptable values of AOI: 20° to +20°). Furthermore, a detailed parametric analysis reveals that nanoparticle volume fraction is the most critical parameter that impact the performance characteristics. Also, there exist, optimum values of nanoparticles' volume fraction (0.7%, 0.07% and 0.05% for carbon, aluminum and silver nanoparticles respectively) at which the system performs most efficiently. Finally, NCPC has been found to possess 8% higher thermal efficiency as compared to a corresponding non-concentrating nanofluid based collector under similar operating conditions and for a given aperture area.

Cite this Research Publication : Bhalla, V., Khullar, V., and Vihari, R., 2022, "Design and thermal analysis of nanofluid-based compound parabolic concentrator", Renewable Energy, Vol. 185, pp. 348-362. (doi:

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