Publication Type : Journal Article
Publisher : Elsevier
Source : Elsevier
Campus : Coimbatore
School : School of Agricultural Sciences
Year : 2019
Abstract : Laccases (EC 22.214.171.124) are a class of multi-copper oxidases that have industrial value. In the present study, forty-five isolates of wild mushrooms were screened for laccase production. Eight of the isolates exhibited exploitable levels of substrate oxidation capacity. Isolate BPSM10 exhibited the highest laccase activity of 103.50 U/ml. Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) rRNA gene sequencing was used to identify BPSM10 as Pleurotus pulmonarius. The response of BPSM10 to two nutritional media supplemented with various inducers was characterized and the results indicated that Malt Extract Broth (MEB) supplemented with Xylidine increased laccase production by 2.8× (349.5 U/ml) relative to the control (122 U/ml), while Potato Dextrose Broth (PDB) supplemented with xylidine increased laccase production by 1.9× (286 U/ml). BPSM10 has the ability to decolorize seven synthetic dyes in a liquid medium. Maximum decolorization was observed of malachite green (MG); exhibiting 68.6% decolorization at 100 mg/L. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) was employed to confirm the decolorization capacity. The present study indicates that P. pulmonarius BPSM10 has the potential to be used as a potent alternative biosorbent for the removal of synthetic dyes from aqueous solutions, especially in the detoxification of polluted water.
Cite this Research Publication : Lallawmsanga, Leo, V.V., Passari, A.K., ...Alqarawi, A.A., Singh, B.P. Elevated levels of laccase synthesis by Pleurotus pulmonarius BPSM10 and its potential as a dye decolorizing agent.2019.Elsevier.