Course Title: 
Advanced Foundation Engineering
Course Code: 
Year Taught: 
Undergraduate (UG)
School of Engineering

'Advanced Foundation Engineering' is a course offered in B. Tech. in Civil Engineering program at School of Engineering, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham.

Unit 1

Foundation on expansive soils: Introduction to expansive soil - Clay mineralogy and mechanism of swelling - Identification of expansive soils - Swelling potential, swelling pressure, free swell - Free swell index - Classification of expansive soil - Tests for swell pressure (IS code method) - Prediction of swell pressure from index properties - Damages in buildings on expansive soils - Elimination of swelling - Environmental solutions such as soil replacement techniques and lime columns - Principles of design of foundations in expansive soil deposits - Structural solutions such as provision of rigid foundation, under reamed piles, T Beams as strip footing for walls etc. (basic aspects).

Unit 2

Soil dynamics and Machine foundations: Introduction to soil dynamics - Soil behavior under dynamic loads - Difference between static and dynamic load behavior of soil - Dynamic soil properties - Free vibrations and forced vibrations - Types of machines - Types of machine foundations - Vibration analysis of a machine foundation - General design criteria for machine foundations - Design criteria for foundation for reciprocating machines (IS specifications) - Design procedure for block foundation for a reciprocating machine (IS code method) - Vibration isolation and control.

Unit 3

Special foundations: Introduction to shell foundations - Structural form and efficiency - Different types of shell foundations - General principles of geotechnical design of shell foundations and soil-structure interaction.

Special features of the foundations for water tanks, silos, chimneys and transmission line towers.

Foundations for marine structures - Design principles.


  • Varghese P. C., “Foundation Engineering”, Prentice-Hall of India Private Ltd, 2009.
  • Swami saran, “Soil dynamics and Machine Foundations”, Galgotias, 2012.


  • Ninan P Kurian, “Design of Foundation Systems”, Narosa Publishers, 2009
  • Shamsher Prakash, “Soil Dynamics”, McGraw Hill, 1981.
  • Tomlinson M. J., “Foundation Design & Construction”, Prentice-Hall, 2003.
  • Joseph E. Bowles, “Foundation Analysis & Design”, Tata McGraw Hill, 1996.
  • Coduto, “Geotechnical Engineering Principles and Practices”, PHI, New Delhi, 2010.
  • Srinivasalu and Vaidyanathan, “Handbook of Machine Foundations”, Tata McGraw Hill, 2004.
  • Swami Saran, “Analysis and Design of Substructures”, Oxford & IBH, 2008.