Foundation on expansive soils: Introduction to expansive soil - Clay mineralogy and mechanism of swelling - Identification of expansive soils - Swelling potential, swelling pressure, free swell - Free swell index - Classification of expansive soil - Tests for swell pressure (IS code method) - Prediction of swell pressure from index properties - Damages in buildings on expansive soils - Elimination of swelling - Environmental solutions such as soil replacement techniques and lime columns - Principles of design of foundations in expansive soil deposits - Structural solutions such as provision of rigid foundation, under reamed piles, T Beams as strip footing for walls etc. (basic aspects).
Soil dynamics and Machine foundations: Introduction to soil dynamics - Soil behavior under dynamic loads - Difference between static and dynamic load behavior of soil - Dynamic soil properties - Free vibrations and forced vibrations - Types of machines - Types of machine foundations - Vibration analysis of a machine foundation - General design criteria for machine foundations - Design criteria for foundation for reciprocating machines (IS specifications) - Design procedure for block foundation for a reciprocating machine (IS code method) - Vibration isolation and control.
Special foundations: Introduction to shell foundations - Structural form and efficiency - Different types of shell foundations - General principles of geotechnical design of shell foundations and soil-structure interaction.
Special features of the foundations for water tanks, silos, chimneys and transmission line towers.
Foundations for marine structures - Design principles.