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Course Detail

Course Name Aesthetics (Indian and Western)
Course Code 21PHL532
Program M.A. in Philosophy
Credits 3


Unit I

Literary Art Kavya, Fine Arts: Painting (Chitra), Music (Sangita), Sculpture (Bhaskarya).
Kavya-Laksana (Definition of Poetry), Kavya-hetu: Pratibha, Vyutpatti and Abhyasa, Their distinctive roles in Poetic Creation, Kavya Prayojana.
Varieties of Kavya: Drsya and Sravya, Structural Varieties of Drsyakavya.

Unit II

Different Schools of Literary Criticism (Kavyavicara): Rasa School (Bharata), Vakrokti School or the School of Alankara (Bhamaha and Kuntaka), Riti School or the School of 6 Gunas (Dandin and Vamana), Dhvani School (Anandavardhana) and Rasadvani School (Abhinavagupta).

Unit III

Aesthetics and Philosophical Aesthetics: Second order Aesthetics, The World of Human Experience and Art and Experience.
Art and its Definition: Art as Representation, Art as Expression and Art as Significant Form.
Kantian Aesthetics (Critique of Judgment)

Unit IV

Art and Emotion: The Concept of Emotion, The Concept of Fiction and Fiction and Emotion.
Literary Aesthetics: The Concept of Literature, Metaphor, Truth, Meaning and Interpretation.

Unit V

Art, Society and Morality: Views of Tolstoy and Post-modernism.


“Aesthetics (Indian and Western)” is a course offered to S2 MA Philosophy students. It aims to provide an insight to the Western and Indian Aesthetics theories and art appreciation. The course provides a detailed understanding on various concepts of Western and Indian Aesthetics. This course will help the students to get a clear understanding on the Aesthetic theories of various Indian and Western Philosophers.

Course Objectives

1. To give an understanding on Indian and Western Aesthetics
2. To analyse various literary arts and its specifications
3. To understand various schools of literary criticism
4. To analyse the interconnectedness of Art and emotion

Course Outcomes

CO1: To get a historical understanding on Western and Indian Aesthetics
CO2: To understand the aesthetic concepts from various Western and Indian philosophers
CO3: To analyse the contextual relevance of aesthetic theories
CO4: To develop a culture of critical and analytical thinking




1, K. C. Pandey. Comparative Aesthetics Vol. 1. Chowkhamba: Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series Office, 1950. English.
2, R. Gnoli. The Aesthetic Experience According to Abhinavagupta. Chowkhamba: Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series Office, 1968. English.
3, Panchapagesha Sastri. The Philosophy of Aesthetic Pleasure. Annamalai, 1940. English.
4, S. Kunjunni Raja. Indian Theories of Meaning. Madras: Adyar Library and Research Centre, 1963. English.
5, K. Krishna Murthy. Dhvanyaloka and its Critics. Mysore: Kavyalaya Publishers, 1963. English.
6, S. P Bhattacharyya. Studies in Indian Poetics. Calcutta, 1964. English.
7, Anne Sheppard. Aesthetics: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Art. UK: Oxford University Press, 1987. English.
8, Peter Lamarque. Philosophy and Fiction: Essays in Literary Aesthetics.Aberdeen University Press, 1983. English.
9, Bernard Bosque. History of Western Aesthetics.

CO – PO Affinity Map



CO1 1 2 2 3
CO2 3 3 3 2
CO3 3 3 2 3
CO4 3 3 2 2

3- Strong, 2- Moderate, 1- Weak

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