Course Title: 
Aircraft Systems and Engineering
Course Code: 
Year Taught: 
Undergraduate (UG)
School of Engineering

'Aircraft Systems and Engineering' is a course offered in the B. Tech. in Mechanical Engineering program at School of Engineering, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham.

Unit 1

Aircraft industry overview: Evolution and history of light, Types of Aerospace industry, Key Players in aerospace Industry, Aerospace Manufacturing, Industry supply Chain, Prime Contractors, Tier 1 Suppliers, Key Challenges in Industry Supply Chain, OEM Supply Chain Strategies, Mergers and Acquisitions, Aerospace Industry Trends, Advances in Engineering / CAD / CAM / CAE Tools and Materials Technology, Global and Indian Aircraft Scenario.

Introduction to Aircrafts: Basic Components of an Aircrafts, Structural Members, Aircraft Axis System, Aircraft Motions, Control Surfaces and High Lift Devices.

Types of Aircrafts - Lighter than Air / Heavier than Air Aircrafts. Conventional Design Configurations based on Power Plant Location, Wing Vertical Location, Intake Location, Tail Unit Arrangements, Landing Gear Arrangements. Unconventional Configurations - Biplane, Variable Sweep, Canard Layout, Twin Boom Layouts, Span Loaders, Blended Body Wing Layout, STOL and STOVL Aircraft, Stealth Aircraft. Advantages and Disadvantages of this Configuration.

Unit 2

Introduction to Aircraft Systems: Types of Aircrafts Systems. Mechanical Systems. Electrical and Electronic System. Auxiliary Systems.

Mechanical System: Environmental Control Systems (ECS), Pneumatic Systems, Hydraulic Systems, Fuel Systems, Landing Gear Systems, Engine Control Systems, Ice and Rain Protection Systems, Cabin Pressurization and Air Conditioning Systems, Steering and Break Systems, Auxiliary Power unit.Mechanical Systems: Avionics, Flight Controls, Autopilots and Flight Management Systems, Navigation Systems, Communication, Information Systems, Radar Systems.

Unit 3

Basic Principles of Flight: Significance of Speed of Sound, Air Speed and Ground Speed, Properties of Atmosphere, Bernoulli`s Equation, Forces on the Air Plane, Air Flow Over the Wing Section, Pressure Distribution over a wing Section, Generation of Lift, Drag, Pitching Moments, Types of Drag, Lift Curve, Drag Curve, Lift / Drag Ratio Curve, Factors affecting Lift and Drag,Center of Pressure and it’s Effects. Aerofoil Nomenclature, Types of Aerofoil, Wing Section - Aerodynamic Center, Aspect Ratio, Effects of Lift, Drag, Speed, Air Density on Drag.

Basics of Flight Mechanics: Mach Waves, Mach Angles, Sonic and Supersonic Flight and its Effects. Stability and Control: Degree of Stability – Lateral, Longitudinal and Directional Stability and Controls of Aircraft. Effects of Flaps and Slats on Lift Coefficients, Control Tabs, Stalling, Landing, Gliding Turning, Speed of Sound, Mach Numbers, Shock Waves. Aircraft Performance and Maneuvers: Power Curves, Maximum and Minimum Speeds of Horizontal Flight, Effects of Changes of Engine Power, Effects of Altitude on power Curve, Forces Acting on an Aeroplane during a Turn, Loads during a Turn, Correct and Incorrect Angles of a Bank, Aerobatics, Inverted Maneuvers, Maneuverability.

  • Kermode A. C. - ‘Flight without Formulae’ - Pearson Education - 2008 - 5th Edition
  • Kermode A. C. – ‘Mechanics of Flight’ - Pearson Education - 2012 - 12th Edition
  • Shevell - ‘Fundamentals of Flight’ - Pearson Education - 1988 - 2nd Edition
  • John D. Anderson - ‘Introduction to Flight’ - McGraw Hill - 2005
  • Ian Mior and Seabridge A. - ‘Aircraft Systems: Mechanical, Electrical and Avionics Subsystems Integration’ - Wiley - 2008