Chemical engineering problems; Modeling – Steps involved; Variables – Stream, Unit, and Process variables; Constraints – Conservation relations, Sources and sinks, Material, Energy, Momentum balances; Equilibrium relations, Constitutive models; Common assumptions in modeling; Types of models – Lumped, Distributed, and Staged parameter models; Design variables – Characteristic length, time, velocity, temperature, mass, force; Change of variables; Dimensionless groups in modelling.
Filling and draining tanks: Steady and unsteady states, Varying inlets and outlets, Level and flow control; Mixing tanks: Two and multiple streams, Composition control; Heated tank: Jacketed kettle with steam condensation, Electrical heating, Phase change; Isothermal CSTR: 1st and 2nd order reactions, Enzyme kinetics; Nonisothermal CSTR; Centrifugal separation.
Shell balances: Flow through a pipe, Continuity equation; Compressible fluid flow, Shock waves; Double-pipe heat exchanger: Steam condensing in shell/tube, Parallel vs counter flow; Pipeline flashing; Isothermal PFR: Component continuity equation, 1st and 2nd order reactions; Non-isothermal PFR: 1st and 2nd order reaction.
Triple effect evaporator; Binary distillation: continuous and batch columns; Multicomponent distillation: Underwood-Gilliland model; Gas absorption into a laminar liquid jet; Tray tower absorption: Kremser-Brown-Sauders equation, rigorous models; Reactive absorption in a wetted wall column; Multistagecountercurrent liquid-liquid extraction.
Selected Systems from the following: Multiple steady states and Stability: Isothermal and Non-isothermal CSTR; Temperature control in a non-isothermal PFR; Packed bed reactor; Polymerization: Bulk and Suspension polymerization; Membrane separation – Cross flow and reverse osmosis; Activated sludge process – secondary bioreactor; Pyrolysis of plastic; Chemical vapor deposition; Continuous, multicomponent distillation column; Dry flue gas desulfurization; Ball mill; Rotary kiln.