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Course Detail

Course Name Contemporary Indian Thought
Course Code 21PHL533
Program M.A. in Philosophy
Credits 3


Unit I

Context of Modern Indian Thought
Swami Vivekananda: Man, Universal Religion and Practical Vedanta.
Sri. Aurobindo: Reality as “Sat-Cit-Ananda”, Three Phases of Reality-evolution, Mind and Supermind, Integral Yoga.
Ramana Maharshi

Unit II

Concept of Swaraj
B. G. Tilak: Interpretation of the Gita.
Rabindranath Tagore: Man and God, Religion of Man.
M. K. Gandhi: Truth, Non-Violence, Critique of Modern Civilisation.

Unit III

Rajaram Mohan Roy
Mohammed Iqbal: Intellect and Intuition, Self and Perfect man.
K. C. Bhattacharyya: Concept of Philosophy, Subject as Freedom, The Absolute and its Alternative Forms and Interpretation of Maya.

Unit IV

S. Radhakrishnan: God and the Absolute, Intellect and Intuition and The Idealist View of Life.
J. Krishnamurti: The Self, Freedom from the Known and Inner Revolution.

Unit V

B. R. Ambedkar: Critique of Social Evils and Neo-Buddhism.


This is a course offered in the third semester of the M. A. Philosophy Programme. The core concern of the course is to provide the learners with the opportunity to study the transition of Indian philosophy from its classical to contemporary times. The focal point of the course is how the vision of the ancient Indian seers had been developed into the tool for social change in modern India. It will further enable the learners to understand the views and positions of the prominent figures in contemporary Indian philosophy that had been the motivation for what we refer to as the Indian renaissance.

Course Objective

1. Discuss generally about contemporary philosophers
2. Introduce the fundamental literary works of contemporary philosophers
3. Discuss about spiritual and social movements
4. Explain the concept of Neo Vedanta

Course Outcomes

CO 1: Overall understanding of the nature and characteristics of contemporary Indian philosophy and the prominent figures in the context of Indian Renaissance.
CO 2:Comprehensive study of Neo-Vedanta as the conspicuous trend in contemporary Indian philosophy.
CO 3: Descriptive study of the different expressions of Neo-Vedanta in prominent contemporary thinkers.
CO 4: Comprehensive study of the synthesis of western and Indian views with special reference to Sri. Aurobindo and K. C. Bhattacharyya.
CO 5: Analytic study of the radically divergent positions held by J. Krishnamurti and B. R. Ambedkar.
CO 6: Exploratory study of Mohammad Iqbal’s metaphysical interpretation of Islamic theology.




1, T. M. P. Mahadevan & C. V. Saroja. Contemporary Indian Philosophy. Madras,1985. English.
2, Basant Kumar Lal. Contemporary Indian Philosoph. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1999. English.
3, Benay Gopal Ray. Contemporary Indian Philosophers. Allahabad 1957. English.
4, V. S. Naravane. Modern Indian Thought. Bombay: Asia Publishing House, 1964. English.
5, Swami Vivekananda. Practical Vedanta. Calcutta: Advaita Ashrama, 1964. English.
6, Sri. Aurobindo. Integral Yoga. Pondicherry: Sri Aurobindo Ashram Publication Department, 1972. English.
7, R. Tagore: Religion of Man, London, 1961.
8, K. C. Bhattacharyya: Studies in Philosophy, Delhi, 1983.
9, Prabhu: The Mind of the Mahatma,
10, J. Krishnamurti: Freedom from the Known, San Francisco, 1997.
11, B. R. Ambedkar: Writings and Speeches, Maharashtra, 1979.

CO – PO Affinity Map

PO PO 1 PO 2 PO 3 PO 4 PO 5
CO 1 2 3 2 1 1
CO 2 2 2 3 1 1
CO 3 1 2 2 3 3
CO 4 2 3 1 3 1
CO 5 2 3 2 1 3
CO 6 2 3 1 3 2

3 – strong, 2 – moderate, 1 – weak

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