Course Title: 
Distress Monitoring and Repair of Structures
Course Code: 
Year Taught: 
Undergraduate (UG)
School of Engineering

'Distress Monitoring and Repair of Structures' is a course offered in B. Tech. in Civil Engineering program at School of Engineering, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham.

Unit 1

Durability: Life expectancy of different types of buildings – influence of environmental elements such as heat, moisture, precipitation and frost on buildings- Effect of biological agents like fungus, moss, plants, trees, algae - termite control and prevention - chemical attack and impact of pollution on building materials and components - Aspects of fire damage and assessment.

Unit 2

Building failures – causes and effects - cracks in buildings – types, classification. Investigation and condition assessment – Semi-destructive and Non-destructive testing methods.

Common defects in buildings and control measures - maintenance philosophy - phases of maintenance.

Materials for repair - special mortar and concretes, concrete chemicals, admixtures, special cements and high grade concrete.

Unit 3

Techniques for repair - surface repair – material selection – surface preparation - rust eliminators and polymer coatings for rebars – repair methods of cracks in concrete and masonry - epoxy injection. Guniting and shotcreting. Waterproofing methods.

Strengthening measures - f lexural strengthening, beam shear capacity strengthening, column strengthening, shoring, under pinning and jacketing.

Conservation of historic buildings - materials and methods - examples.


  1. Peter H. Emmons, “Concrete Repair and Maintenance”, Galgotia Publications, 2010.
  2. Vidivelli. B., “Rehabilitation of Concrete Structures”, Standard Publishers, 2009.


  1. James Douglas, Bill Ransom, “Understanding Building Failures”, Taylor & Francis Group, 2007.
  2. Philip H. Perkins, “Repair, Protection and Water proofing of Concrete Structures”, E & FN Spon, 1997.
  3. SP:25 - 1984, “Causes and prevention of cracks in buildings”, BIS
  4. Santhakumar A. R., “Concrete Technology”, Oxford University Press, 2006.
  5. Sidney M. Johnson, “Deterioration, Maintenance and Repair of Structures”, McGraw Hill, 1965.
  6. Raikar, “Durable Structures – Through planning for preventive maintenance”, R &D Centre, Structural Designers and Consultants Pvt. Ltd. New Bombay, 1994.
  7. Raikar, “Diagnosis and Treatment of Structures in Distress”, R & D Centre, Structural Designers and Consultants Pvt. Ltd., New Bombay, 1994.