Unit I : Electrostatics, Magnetostatics and Electrodynamics (12 hours)
Electric field and electrostatic potential for a charge distribution, divergence and curl of electrostatic field; Laplace’s and Poisson’s equations for electrostatic potential, Biot-Savart law, divergence and curl of static magnetic field, vector potential, Stoke’s theorem, Lorentz force, Faraday’s law and Lenz’s law, Maxwell’s equations.
Unit II : Waves and Optics (9 hours)
Huygens’ Principle, superposition of waves and interference of light by wavefront splitting and amplitude splitting, Young’s double slit experiment, Newton’s Rings, Michelson interferometer.
Fraunhofer diffraction from single slit and circular aperture, Rayleigh criterion forlimit of resolution and its application to vision, diffraction gratings and their resolving power.
Polarization: Unpolarized, polarized and partially polarized lights,polarization by reflection, double refraction by uniaxial crystals, Polaroid, half wave andquarter wave plates.
Unit III : Lasers (6 hours)
Einstein’s theory of matter radiation interaction andAandBcoefficients; amplification of light by population inversion, different types of lasers: gas lasers (He-Ne, CO2), solid-state lasers (Ruby, Neodymium), dye lasers.
Unit IV : Quantum Mechanics (10 hours)
De Broglie waves, wave functions, wave equation, Schrodingerwave equation: time dependent and time independent form, operators – Eigenfunctions and Eigenvalues, uncertaintyprinciple, particle in a finite potential one -dimensional box, tunnelling effect (Qualitative).
Unit V : Introduction to Solids (8 hours)
Crystal systems: Miller indices, crystal planes and directions, packing fraction, Classification of solids: Metals, semiconductors and insulators (qualitative), free electron theory of metals, Fermi level, Density of states, Kronig-Penney model and origin of energy bands.
|Periodical 1 (P1)
|Periodical 2 (P2)
|*Continuous Assessment (CA)
*CA – Can be Quizzes, Assignment, Projects, and Reports.