Course Title: 
Engineering Physics - A
Course Code: 
Year Taught: 
Undergraduate (UG)
School of Engineering

'Engineering Physics - A' is a course offered in the first and second semesters of  B. Tech. programs at the School of Engineering, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham.

Course Objectives

  1. To learn fundamental concepts of electricity and magnetism for applications in engineering and technology.
  2. To familiarize the principles of interference, diffraction and polarization and apply in engineering context.
  3. To gain knowledge of basic quantum mechanics, crystal structure and classification of solids based on their properties and applications.

Course Outcomes

The student at the end of the course will

CO1 Be able to apply the concepts of electric and magnetic field including Maxwell’s equations to engineering applications and problem solving.
CO2 Understand the principles of interference, diffraction and polarization and apply it in engineering context and to solve numerical problems
CO3 Understand the principles and applications of solid state and gas lasers
CO4 Be exposed to basic principles of Quantum mechanics with elementary applications in one dimensional potential well
CO5 Be familiar with crystals structure, free electron theory and basic semiconductor theory.

Course Articulation Matrix

  PO1 PO2 PO3 PO4 PO5 PO6 PO7 PO8 PO9 PO10 PO11 PO12
CO1 3 3 2 3               2
CO2 3 3 2 3               2
CO3 3 3 2 3               2
CO4 3 3 2 3               2
CO5 3 3 2 3               2

Program Articulation Matrix

  PO1 PO2 PO3 PO4 PO5 PO6 PO7 PO8 PO9 PO10 PO11 PO12
CO1 3 3 2 3               2
CO2 3 3 2 3               2
CO3 3 3 2 3               2
CO4 3 3 2 3               2
CO5 3 3 2 3               2

Unit I : Electrostatics, Magnetostatics and Electrodynamics (12 hours)

Electric field and electrostatic potential for a charge distribution, divergence and curl of electrostatic field; Laplace’s and Poisson’s equations for electrostatic potential, Biot-Savart law, divergence and curl of static magnetic field, vector potential, Stoke’s theorem, Lorentz force, Faraday’s law and Lenz’s law, Maxwell’s equations.

Unit II : Waves and Optics (9 hours)

Huygens’ Principle, superposition of waves and interference of light by wavefront splitting and amplitude splitting, Young’s double slit experiment, Newton’s Rings, Michelson interferometer.

Fraunhofer diffraction from single slit and circular aperture, Rayleigh criterion forlimit of resolution and its application to vision, diffraction gratings and their resolving power.

Polarization: Unpolarized, polarized and partially polarized lights,polarization by reflection, double refraction by uniaxial crystals, Polaroid, half wave andquarter wave plates.

Unit III : Lasers (6 hours)

Einstein’s theory of matter radiation interaction andAandBcoefficients; amplification of light by population inversion, different types of lasers: gas lasers (He-Ne, CO2), solid-state lasers (Ruby, Neodymium), dye lasers.

Unit IV : Quantum Mechanics (10 hours)

De Broglie waves, wave functions, wave equation, Schrodingerwave equation: time dependent and time independent form, operators – Eigenfunctions and Eigenvalues, uncertaintyprinciple, particle in a finite potential one -dimensional box, tunnelling effect (Qualitative).

Unit V : Introduction to Solids (8 hours)

Crystal systems: Miller indices, crystal planes and directions, packing fraction, Classification of solids: Metals, semiconductors and insulators (qualitative), free electron theory of metals, Fermi level, Density of states, Kronig-Penney model and origin of energy bands.

Evaluation Pattern:

Assessment Internal External
Periodical 1 (P1) 15  
Periodical 2 (P2) 15  
*Continuous Assessment (CA) 20  
End Semester   50

*CA – Can be Quizzes, Assignment, Projects, and Reports.

Text Books :

  1. David J Griffiths “Introduction to Electrodynamics” , 4th Edition , Pearson, 2015.
  2. Ajay Ghatak, “Optics”, 6th Edition, McGraw Hill Education India Private Limited,
  3. Eugene Hecht, A R Ganesan, “Optics”, 4th Edition, Pearson Education, 2008.
  4. Arthur Beiser, ShobhitMahajan, S. RaiChoudhury“Concepts of Modern Physics”, McGraw Hill Education India Private Limited, 2017.
  5. Charles Kittel, “Introduction to Solid State Physics” 8th Edition, Wiley, 2012.

Reference Books :

  1. Halliday, Resnick, Jearl Walker, “Principles of Physics”, 10th Edition, Wiley,2015.
  2. John David Jackson, “Classical Electrodynamics”,3rd Edition, Wiley,2007.
  3. F A Jenkins, H E White, “Fundamental of Optics”, 4th Edition,McGraw Hill
    Education India Private Limited, 2017.
  4. David J Griffiths, “Introduction to Quantum Mechanics”,2nd Edition, PearsonEducation,2015.
  5. M A Wahab, “Solid State Physics”, 3rd Edition, Narosa Publishing House Pvt. Ltd.,2015.