W ater Pollution Control: wastewater characteristics: physical, chemical and bacteriological, Types of pollutants in waste water of chemical industries, Methods of sampling, preservation of samples and analysis. Methods for the treatment of liquid wastes: Physical, chemical and biological methods, Selection and design of equipments. Physical treatment: pre-treatment, solids removal by setting and sedimentation, filtration centrifugation, coagulation and flocculation. Chemical Treatment: Anaerobic with special reference to UASB and aerobic treatment biochemical kinetics, trickling filter, activated sludge process, lagoons, aeration systems, fluidized bed bioreactors; Disinfection, Ion exchange, Electro-dialysis, Reverse Osmosis.
Pollution control in selected process industries – fertilizer industries, petroleum refineries and petrochemical units, pulp and paper industries, Tanning industries, Sugar industries, Dairy, Alcohol industries, Electroplating and metal finishing industries, Radioactive wastes, ranking of wastewater treatment alternatives, Case Studies.
Bioreactors: Batch and continuous types; High performance bioreactors; Downstream processes and effluent treatment: Recovery and purification of products, different unit operations in down streaming with special reference to membrane separations; Extractive fermentation; Anaerobic treatment of effluents; Typical industrial examples for downstream processing and effluent disposal.
Industrial waste management and Pollution Prevention: Process modification, alternative raw material, recovery of by co-product, recycle and reuse of waste, energy recovery and waste utilization.
Air Pollution Control: Sources and effects of air pollutants on physical environment and living systems, Methods of measuring and sampling of gaseous and particulate pollutants, meteorological aspects of air pollution,effects, Selection and Design of particulate and gaseous pollution control equipment; mechanical separation, Bag filter, cyclone separator, electrostatic precipitation, wet gas scrubbing, adsorption and absorption.