FACTS concept and General system considerations - Transmission Interconnections, Flow of power in an AC system, Loading capability, Power flow and dynamic stability considerations of a transmission interconnection, basic types of FACTS controllers, IEEE definitions, FACTS devices in India and abroad.
Shunt compensation and shunt FACTS devices - Concept of shunt compensation, objectives of shunt compensation, variable impedance type shunt compensators (TCR, TSC, FC-TCR, TSC-TCR) - circuit diagram, principle of operation, working, waveforms / characteristics.
Switched converter type shunt compensator (STATCOM) - circuit diagram, principle of operation, working, waveforms / characteristics, control schemes for shunt compensators.
Series compensation and Series FACTS devices - Concept of series compensation, objectives of series compensation, variable impedance type series compensators (GCSC, TSSC, TCSC), Switching converter type series compensators - circuit diagram, principle of operation, working, waveforms/characteristics, control schemes for series compensators.
Static voltage and phase angle regulators - Objectives of voltage and phase angle regulators, power flow control, improvement of transient stability, power oscillation damping, thyristor-controlled voltage and phase angle regulators.
Combined FACTS compensators and other special purpose FACTS devices - Unified Power flow Controller (UPFC) - objectives and need, principle of operation, Interline power flow controller (IPFC) - objectives and need, principle of operation. NGHSSR damper, thyristor-controlled braking resistor (TCBR).
Case studies of practical applications of various FACTS devices.