Back close

Course Detail

Course Name Foundations of computer architecture
Course Code 24AIM204
Program B.Tech. in Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Data Science (Medical Engineering)
Semester III
Credits 3
Campus Coimbatore

Syllabus

Unit 1

Overview of Computer Architecture and Organization: Contrast between computer architecture and organization, Fundamentals of computer architecture, Organization of von Neumann machine, Boolean Algebra, Logic Gates, K Map, Combinational Circuits (Adders, Multiplexers, ALU), Sequential Circuits -Flipflops, Counters, Registers.

Unit 2

Computer Arithmetic and Machine Instruction: Representation of integers and real numbers algorithm for carrying out common integer and floating-point operations, Memory Locations and Addresses, Memory operations, Instruction format, execution cycle, Instruction types and addressing modes.

Unit 3

Memory System Organization and Architecture: Memory system hierarchy, main memory organization, cache memory, virtual memory. I/O organization: Bus control, Serial I/O (study of Asynchronous and synchronous modes), Parallel Data transfer: (Program controlled: Asynchronous, synchronous & Interrupt driven modes, DMA mode, interrupt controller and DMA controller), Buses Device subsystem, External storage system, RAID architecture.

Unit 4

Design of control unit, microprogrammed Control unit. Organization of CPU: Single vs multiple data path ISA Control unit Instruction, pipelining, Trends in computer architecture: CISC, RISC, VLIW, Pipelining (stages, hazards).

Course Objectives and Outcomes

Course Objectives:

  • Understand the fundamental concepts and differences between computer architecture and organization, providing a comprehensive overview of von Neumann machine organization and its construction from Boolean logic.
  • Master the representation of integers and real numbers, algorithms for common arithmetic operations, memory operations, instruction formats, execution cycles, and addressing modes.
  • Gain proficiency in memory system organization, including memory hierarchy, main memory, cache memory, and virtual memory, as well as I/O organization and external storage systems.
  • Learn the design principles of control units, and the organization of central processing units (CPU).

Course Outcomes:

After completing this course, students should be able to
CO1: Build basic digital logic circuits for CPU components like adders and flip-flops.
CO2: Interpret machine instructions to understand how programs execute on a computer.
CO3: Evaluate memory hierarchy designs and I/O communication protocols to optimize data access and peripheral interaction.
CO4: Design microprogrammed control units and analyze architectural trends like pipelining to maximize CPU performance and efficiency.

CO-PO Mapping

PO PO1 PO2 PO3 PO4 PO5 PO6 PO7 PO8 PO9 PO10 PO11 PO12 PSO1 PSO2 PSO3
CO
CO1 3 3 2 1 2 2 2 2 3 1 2
CO2 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 3 1 2
CO3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 3 1 2
CO4 3 3 2 1 2 2 2 2 3 1 3

Textbooks & References

  1. V. C. Hamacher, Z. G. Veranesic, and S. G. Zaky, Computer Organization, Tata McGraw Hill
  2. William Stallings, Computer Organization and Architecture -– Designing for Performance, Pearson Education
  3. J. P. Hayes, Computer Architecture and Organisation, McGraw Hill
  4. D.A. Pattersen and J. L. Hennesy, Computer Architecture- A quantitative Approach, Morgan Kaufman

DISCLAIMER: The appearance of external links on this web site does not constitute endorsement by the School of Biotechnology/Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham or the information, products or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities, the Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. These links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this web site.

Admissions Apply Now