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Course Detail

Course Name Foundations of Pathology & Pharmacology
Course Code 24AIM212
Program B.Tech. in Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Data Science (Medical Engineering)
Semester IV
Credits 4
Campus Coimbatore


Unit 1

Balance/normalcy of function: indices, normal and average values,

Unit 2

Immunology: fundamental details of differentiation of self and non-self

Unit 3

Cascadic or cataclysmic events/effects, Origins of aging and pathology (Genetic, germs, deficiency, psychological, accidental/environmental, murburn, etc.)

Unit 4

Types & schools of therapy; foundations of modern medicine and pharmacology, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, feasibility of “holistic approach”?

Course Objectives and Outcomes

Course Objectives

  • Understand the fundamental concepts and mechanisms contributing to the balance and normalcy of biological functions in living organisms.
  • Gain a comprehensive understanding of immunology, focusing on the differentiation between self and non-self, and its implications in maintaining health.
  • Explore and analyze the cascadic or cataclysmic events and effects leading to aging and pathology, considering various factors such as genetic, germs, deficiency, psychological, accidental/environmental, and murburn.
  • Familiarize with different types and schools of therapy, and establish a solid foundation in modern medicine and pharmacology.
  • Evaluate the feasibility of a holistic approach to maintenance and disruption of life, understanding its potential applications and limitations.

Course Outcomes:

After completing this course, students should be able to
CO1: Demonstrate an understanding of the intricacies of maintaining balance and normalcy in biological functions.
CO2: List the known fundamental principles of immunology and its role in preserving health.
CO3: Analyze the origins of aging and pathology, considering diverse factors contributing to health challenges.
CO4: Differentiate between various types and schools of therapy, establishing a strong foundation in modern medicine and pharmacology.
CO5: Critically assess the feasibility and potential applications of a holistic approach to maintenance and disruption of life.

CO-PO Mapping

CO1 3 2 2 2 2 3 3 3
CO2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3
CO3 2 2 2 2 3 3 3
CO4 2 2 2 2 3 3 3
CO5 2 2 2 2 3 3 3


  • John Firth, Christopher Conlon, Timothy Cox. Oxford textbook of medicine (2020).
  • Peter J. Delves, Seamus J. Martin, Dennis R. Burton, Ivan M. Roitt. Roitt’s Essential Immunology.
  • Wiley-Blackwell (20116), ISBN: 978-1-118-41577-1
  • Alain Galbraith. Fundamentals of pharmacology (Pearson Education, 2007)
  • Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease (Two Vol Set), 10e, South Asia Edition by Manoj Singh and Vinay Kumar.

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