Fuels – Solid fuels – Classification, preparation, cleaning, analysis, ranking and properties – action of heat, oxidation, hydrogenation, carbonization, liquefaction and gasification.
Liquid fuels – Petroleum – origin, production, composition, classification, petroleum processing, properties, testing – flow test, smoke points, storage and handling.
Secondary liquid fuels – Gasoline, diesel, kerosene and lubricating oils. Liquid fuels – refining, cracking, fractional distillation, polymerization. Modified and synthetic liquid fuels. ASTM methods of testing the fuels.