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Course Detail

Course Name Introduction to Thermodynamics
Course Code 19AEE202
Program B. Tech. in Aerospace Engineering
Semester Three
Year Taught 2019


Unit 1

Review of the Laws of Thermodynamics – Introduction to Engineering Applications of Thermodynamic Equilibrium – Quasi-static Process – Cyclic Process – Work and Heat – Application of First Law for Open and Closed Systems: Typical Work Transfer and Heat Transfer Devices – Perfect Gas – Equation of State – Specific Heats – Real Gas Models – Compressibility Chart – Thermodynamic Properties of Fluids – Pure Substance – Phase-change Process of Pure Substance – P-V-T Surface – Steam Tables.

Unit 2

Introduction to the Application of Second Law of Thermodynamics – Heat Engine – Heat Pump –Refrigerator – Irreversible Processes – Reversible Processes – Carnot Cycle – Carnot Engine – Carnot Theorems – Clausius Inequality – Concept of Entropy and Entropy Change – Introduction to Compressibility and Compressible Flow – Propagation of Sound – Mach number.

Unit 3

Thermodynamic Property Relations: Cyclic Rule, Maxwell Relations, T-D-S Equations – Clausius-Clapeyron Equation – Joule-Thomson coefficient and Inversion Line – Fundamentals of Power cycles: Air Standard Otto and Diesel Cycles, Rankine Cycle, Reversed Carnot Cycle, Brayton Cycle and its Application in Propulsion Systems.

Objectives and Outcomes


  • To familiarize the students with the application of various law of thermodynamics
  • To study the application of heat and work transfer processes in the energy extraction efficiencies using air standard cycles.

Course Outcomes

  • CO1: Understand the law of thermodynamics and various forms of work and energy that can occur
  • CO2: Analyze the work and heat interactions associated with a prescribed process path, and to perform a first law analysis of a flow system
  • CO3: Apply the understandings of phase change process of pure substances to the flow and non-flow process devices
  • CO4: Apply second law of thermodynamics and entropy concepts in analyzing the thermal efficiencies of heat engines and determine the reversibility or irreversibility of a process using change in entropy
  • CO5: Apply ideal cycle analysis to simple heat engine cycles to estimate thermal efficiency and work as a function of pressures and temperatures at various points in the cycle.

CO – PO Mapping

CO1 3 2 1 3
CO2 3 3 2 1 3
CO3 3 3 2 1 3
CO43 3 3 2 1 3
CO5 3 3 2 1 1 3 2

Textbook / References


  • Cengel, Y.A. and Boles, M.A., “Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach,” Tata McGraw, 2002.
  • Saad, M.A., ‘Thermodynamics: Principles and Practice,” Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1998.


  • Borganakke, S. and Wylen V., “Fundamentals of Thermodynamics,” Wiley, New York, 2003.

Evaluation Pattern

Assessment Internal External
Periodical 1 15
Periodical 2 15
*Continuous Assessment (CA) 20
End Semester 50
*CA – Can be Quizzes, Assignment, Projects, and Reports.

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