## Course Detail

 Course Name Introduction to Thermodynamics Course Code 19AEE202 Program B. Tech. in Aerospace Engineering Semester Three Year Taught 2019

### Syllabus

##### Unit 1

Review of the Laws of Thermodynamics – Introduction to Engineering Applications of Thermodynamic Equilibrium – Quasi-static Process – Cyclic Process – Work and Heat – Application of First Law for Open and Closed Systems: Typical Work Transfer and Heat Transfer Devices – Perfect Gas – Equation of State – Specific Heats – Real Gas Models – Compressibility Chart – Thermodynamic Properties of Fluids – Pure Substance – Phase-change Process of Pure Substance – P-V-T Surface – Steam Tables.

##### Unit 2

Introduction to the Application of Second Law of Thermodynamics – Heat Engine – Heat Pump –Refrigerator – Irreversible Processes – Reversible Processes – Carnot Cycle – Carnot Engine – Carnot Theorems – Clausius Inequality – Concept of Entropy and Entropy Change – Introduction to Compressibility and Compressible Flow – Propagation of Sound – Mach number.

##### Unit 3

Thermodynamic Property Relations: Cyclic Rule, Maxwell Relations, T-D-S Equations – Clausius-Clapeyron Equation – Joule-Thomson coefficient and Inversion Line – Fundamentals of Power cycles: Air Standard Otto and Diesel Cycles, Rankine Cycle, Reversed Carnot Cycle, Brayton Cycle and its Application in Propulsion Systems.

### Objectives and Outcomes

Objectives

• To familiarize the students with the application of various law of thermodynamics
• To study the application of heat and work transfer processes in the energy extraction efficiencies using air standard cycles.

Course Outcomes

• CO1: Understand the law of thermodynamics and various forms of work and energy that can occur
• CO2: Analyze the work and heat interactions associated with a prescribed process path, and to perform a first law analysis of a flow system
• CO3: Apply the understandings of phase change process of pure substances to the flow and non-flow process devices
• CO4: Apply second law of thermodynamics and entropy concepts in analyzing the thermal efficiencies of heat engines and determine the reversibility or irreversibility of a process using change in entropy
• CO5: Apply ideal cycle analysis to simple heat engine cycles to estimate thermal efficiency and work as a function of pressures and temperatures at various points in the cycle.

CO – PO Mapping

 PO/PSO/CO PO1 PO2 PO3 PO4 PO5 PO6 PO7 PO8 PO9 PO10 PO11 PO12 PSO1 PSO2 PSO3 CO1 3 2 1 3 CO2 3 3 2 1 3 CO3 3 3 2 1 3 CO43 3 3 2 1 3 CO5 3 3 2 1 1 3 2

### Textbook / References

Textbook(s)

• Cengel, Y.A. and Boles, M.A., “Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach,” Tata McGraw, 2002.
• Saad, M.A., ‘Thermodynamics: Principles and Practice,” Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1998.

Reference(s)

• Borganakke, S. and Wylen V., “Fundamentals of Thermodynamics,” Wiley, New York, 2003.

Evaluation Pattern

 Assessment Internal External Periodical 1 15 – Periodical 2 15 – *Continuous Assessment (CA) 20 – End Semester – 50 *CA – Can be Quizzes, Assignment, Projects, and Reports.

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