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Integrated Degree
School of Arts and Sciences

'Linguistics' is a course offered in Seventh Semester of B. A. (Bachelor of Arts) English Language and Literature program at the School of Arts and Sciences, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Mysuru campus.

To introduce the students to the nature of Language systems; to introduce them to the nature of English language.

Unit 1

Introduction to Linguistics studies - Nature of Languages –Animal communication and human language- properties of language-development of linguistics-Important schoolsLangue and Parole – Competence and Performance- Substance and Form - Syntagmatic and Paradigmatic-Diachronic and Synchronic relations.

Unit 2

Phonology and Phonetics-English sounds, stress and rhythm - Morphology - Morpheme, allomorphs - kinds of morphemes - kinds of allomorphs-Morpho-phonemics-morphological processes.

Unit 3

Semantics – Definition-relationship of similarity, opposition and inclusion: Synonymy, opposites, hyponymy, homonymy, polysemy-Lexical Ambiguity; Collocation and field-Pragmatics-Content and Meaning-Discourse Analysis Speech Act Theory.

Unit 4

Modern Grammar and Syntax – Prescriptive vs Descriptive approaches- Grammaticality and Acceptability- Word Classes, Form Class, Function Class-Phrases and ClausesCoordination and Subordination-Noun, Adverb and Relative Clauses-Basic sentence patterns-Types of sentences-Elements of a sentence - IC Analysis -Structural vs. Generative Grammar - Transformational Generative Grammar –Deep Structure - Surface Structure - PS Rules - Adequacy, Meaning,Lexicon-Tree diagram-Aspect Model of ChomskyTransformations-Singular/Double-based Tagmemics-Trace Theory-Case-Government and Binding.

Unit 5

Applications of Linguistics - Pedagogy - Sociolinguistics - Psycholinguistics - Forensic linguistics - Clinical Linguistics.

  1. Balasubramaniam T.A. Text Book of English Phonetics: For Indian Students. Macmillan: New Delhi. 2001. 
  2. Verma,S.K. & Krishnaswami N. Modern Linguistics: An Introduction. Oxford University Press. New Delhi.1989.
  3. Bansal, R K, J B Harrison. Spoken English: A Manual of Speech and Phonetics. Hyderabad: Orient Blackswan, 2006.
  4. Chomsky, Noam. Aspects of the Theory of Syntax. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 1965. Print.
  5. Crystal, David. Introducing Linguistics. London: Penguin English, 1992. Print.
  6. Fromkin, Victor, et al., ed. Linguistics: An Introduction to Linguistic Theory. 2000. rpt. Malden, Massachussets: Blackwell, 2001. Print.
  7. Leach, Geoffrey N. Semantics. London: Penguin, 1976. Print.
  8. Lyons. An Introduction to Theoretical Linguistics. 1968. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1995. Print.
  9. Quirk, Randolph, and Sidney Greenbaum. A University Grammar of English. 6th ed. New Delhi: Pearson, 2003. Print.
  10. Robins, R.H. General Linguistics: An Introductory Survey. Harlowe: Longman, 1971. Print.
  1. Saussure, Ferdinand de. Course in General Linguistics. New York: McGraw-Hill. 1966. Print. 
  2. Syal, Pushpinder and D.V. Jindal. An Introduction to Linguistics- Language, Grammar and Semantics. 2nd ed. New Delhi: Prentice Hall of India, 2007. Print.
  3. Yule, George. The Study of Language. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1996. Print.
  4. Pragmatics. Oxford Introductions to Language Study. Series Ed. H. G. Widdowson. 1996. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2008. Print.
  5. Daniel Jones.An Outline of English Phonetics. Oxford University Press: London.1964. 
  6. Hocket,C.F.A Course in Modern Linguistics. Indian Edition. Oxford & IBH, New Delhi. 1958.
  7. John Lyons.An Introduction to Theoretical Linguistics. (Rev. ed). Cambridge University Press:London.1995.
  8. Palmer F.R.Semantics .II Ed. Cambridge University Press. 1981.