Introduction to Linguistics studies – Nature of Languages –Animal communication and human language- properties of language-development of linguistics-Important schoolsLangue and Parole – Competence and Performance- Substance and Form – Syntagmatic and Paradigmatic-Diachronic and Synchronic relations.
Phonology and Phonetics-English sounds, stress and rhythm – Morphology – Morpheme, allomorphs – kinds of morphemes – kinds of allomorphs-Morpho-phonemics-morphological processes.
Semantics – Definition-relationship of similarity, opposition and inclusion: Synonymy, opposites, hyponymy, homonymy, polysemy-Lexical Ambiguity; Collocation and field-Pragmatics-Content and Meaning-Discourse Analysis Speech Act Theory.
Modern Grammar and Syntax – Prescriptive vs Descriptive approaches- Grammaticality and Acceptability- Word Classes, Form Class, Function Class-Phrases and ClausesCoordination and Subordination-Noun, Adverb and Relative Clauses-Basic sentence patterns-Types of sentences-Elements of a sentence – IC Analysis -Structural vs. Generative Grammar – Transformational Generative Grammar –Deep Structure – Surface Structure – PS Rules – Adequacy, Meaning,Lexicon-Tree diagram-Aspect Model of ChomskyTransformations-Singular/Double-based Tagmemics-Trace Theory-Case-Government and Binding.
Applications of Linguistics – Pedagogy – Sociolinguistics – Psycholinguistics – Forensic linguistics – Clinical Linguistics.