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Course Detail

Course Name Linguistics
Course Code 18ELL501
Program 5 Year Integrated B.A. – M.A. (English Language & Literature)
Semester VII
Year Taught 2019
Degree Integrated Degree
School School of Arts and Sciences
Campus Kochi


Course Outline

Unit 1

Introduction to Linguistics studies – Nature of Languages –Animal communication and human language- properties of language-development of linguistics-Important schoolsLangue and Parole – Competence and Performance- Substance and Form – Syntagmatic and Paradigmatic-Diachronic and Synchronic relations.

Unit 2

Phonology and Phonetics-English sounds, stress and rhythm – Morphology – Morpheme, allomorphs – kinds of morphemes – kinds of allomorphs-Morpho-phonemics-morphological processes.

Unit 3

Semantics – Definition-relationship of similarity, opposition and inclusion: Synonymy, opposites, hyponymy, homonymy, polysemy-Lexical Ambiguity; Collocation and field-Pragmatics-Content and Meaning-Discourse Analysis Speech Act Theory.

Unit 4

Modern Grammar and Syntax – Prescriptive vs Descriptive approaches- Grammaticality and Acceptability- Word Classes, Form Class, Function Class-Phrases and ClausesCoordination and Subordination-Noun, Adverb and Relative Clauses-Basic sentence patterns-Types of sentences-Elements of a sentence – IC Analysis -Structural vs. Generative Grammar – Transformational Generative Grammar –Deep Structure – Surface Structure – PS Rules – Adequacy, Meaning,Lexicon-Tree diagram-Aspect Model of ChomskyTransformations-Singular/Double-based Tagmemics-Trace Theory-Case-Government and Binding.

Unit 5

Applications of Linguistics – Pedagogy – Sociolinguistics – Psycholinguistics – Forensic linguistics – Clinical Linguistics.


To introduce the students to the nature of Language systems; to introduce them to the nature of English language.

Core Reading

  1. Balasubramaniam T.A. Text Book of English Phonetics: For Indian Students. Macmillan: New Delhi. 2001.
  2. Verma,S.K. & Krishnaswami N. Modern Linguistics: An Introduction. Oxford University Press. New Delhi.1989.
  3. Bansal, R K, J B Harrison. Spoken English: A Manual of Speech and Phonetics. Hyderabad: Orient Blackswan, 2006.
  4. Chomsky, Noam. Aspects of the Theory of Syntax. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 1965. Print.
  5. Crystal, David. Introducing Linguistics. London: Penguin English, 1992. Print.
  6. Fromkin, Victor, et al., ed. Linguistics: An Introduction to Linguistic Theory. 2000. rpt. Malden, Massachussets: Blackwell, 2001. Print.
  7. Leach, Geoffrey N. Semantics. London: Penguin, 1976. Print.
  8. Lyons. An Introduction to Theoretical Linguistics. 1968. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1995. Print.
  9. Quirk, Randolph, and Sidney Greenbaum. A University Grammar of English. 6th ed. New Delhi: Pearson, 2003. Print.
  10. Robins, R.H. General Linguistics: An Introductory Survey. Harlowe: Longman, 1971. Print.


  1. Saussure, Ferdinand de. Course in General Linguistics. New York: McGraw-Hill. 1966. Print.
  2. Syal, Pushpinder and D.V. Jindal. An Introduction to Linguistics- Language, Grammar and Semantics. 2nd ed. New Delhi: Prentice Hall of India, 2007. Print.
  3. Yule, George. The Study of Language. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1996. Print.
  4. Pragmatics. Oxford Introductions to Language Study. Series Ed. H. G. Widdowson. 1996. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2008. Print.
  5. Daniel Jones.An Outline of English Phonetics. Oxford University Press: London.1964.
  6. Hocket,C.F.A Course in Modern Linguistics. Indian Edition. Oxford & IBH, New Delhi. 1958.
  7. John Lyons.An Introduction to Theoretical Linguistics. (Rev. ed). Cambridge University Press:London.1995.
  8. Palmer F.R.Semantics .II Ed. Cambridge University Press. 1981.

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