Introduction to organic chemistry: Lewis structure and formal charges of organic compounds - electro negativities and dipoles, resonances, aromaticity and anti aromaticity - equilibrium, tautomerism and hyper conjugation - acidity and basicity - pKa, nucleophiles and electrophiles - hydrogen bonding - different types of organic reaction - addition, substitution, elimination and rearrangement - oxidations and reductions - general principles of writing organic reaction mechanism - reactive intermediates.
Reaction of nucleophiles and bases: Nucleophilic substitution - SN1 and SN2 reactions, nucleophilic substitution at aliphatic sp2 carbon and aromatic carbon - nucleophilic addition to carbonyl compounds - addition of grignard and organo lithium reagents - reactions of nitrogen containing nucleophiles with aldehyde and ketones - aldol condensation.
Michael and 1,4-addition reaction - Favorskii rearrangement - benzilic acid rearrangement - reaction mechanism in basic media - Mannich reaction - enols and enolates.
Reaction involving acids and other eletrophiles: Carbocations - formation and rearrangements - cationic rearrangement involving electron deficient nitrogen atom - Beckmann rearrangement - Curtius, Lossen and Schmidt rearrangement - electrophilic additions - acid catalyzed reaction of carbonyl compounds - hydrolysis of carbocyclic acid derivatives - electrophilic aromatic substitution - carbenes and benzynes - Baeyer-Villeger reactions - Dienone-phenol rearrangement - pinacol rearrangement.
Radical and radical ions: Formation of radicals, radical chain processes, radical addition, reaction with and without cyclisation - fragmentation reaction - rearrangement of radicals - SRN 1 reaction - radical ions - Birch reduction - Hofmann-Loffler-Freytag reaction - Barton reaction - McMurry reaction.
Pericyclic reaction: Representative of molecular orbitals of ethylene, butadiene and hexatriene molecules - Woodward - Hofmann rules of symmetry - electrocyclic reaction, cycloadditions - diels-Alder reaction - other thermal cycloadditions - photochemical [2+2] cycloaddition - 1,3-dipolar cycloadditions - Sigmatropic reactions, notations and directions of [3,3] sigmatropic rearrangements - Cope and oxy-Cope rearrangement [2,3] sigmatropic reaction - ene reaction.