Course Title: 
Petroleum Refining and Petrochemical Technology
Course Code: 
Year Taught: 
Undergraduate (UG)
School of Engineering

'Petroleum Refining and Petrochemical Technology' is an elective course offered in the B. Tech. in Chemical Engineering program at School of Engineering, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore.

Unit 1

Petroleum refining: Crude oil distillation process – thermal conversion processes. Conventional thermal cracking – vis-breaking and design variables of vis-breaking – coking: Fluid coking, flexi coking, delayed coking and hardware considerations – catalytic conversion processes -fluid catalytic cracking with special reference to catalyst and reactor design configurations – hydro-treating, hydrodesulphurization and hydro-cracking – Reforming: process, catalyst, reactor design configuration – alkylation – isomerization – lube oil manufacturing process, solvent – de-asphalting, solvent de-waxing and hydro finishing – production of PET, waxes and bitumen.

Unit 2

Petrochemical technology: Petrochemical industry overview, primary raw materials for petrochemicals, first generation petrochemicals – hydrocarbon intermediates and their production, non-hydrocarbon intermediates, olefin production, processing of olefins C4& C5 cut from steam cracking and fluid cracking.

Unit 3

Aromatics production, second generation petrochemicals from: methane and synthesis gas derivatives, ethylene and ethylene derivatives, propylene and propylene derivatives, C4 and C5 derivatives, aromatics – benzene, toluene and xylene derivatives – third generation petrochemicals – polymers, elastomers, polyurethanes and synthetic fiber.

  • Ram Prasad, “Petroleum Refining Technology”, Khanna Publishers, Delhi, 2000
  • J. H. Gary, G. H. Handwerk and M. J. Kaiser, “Petroleum Refining Technology and Economics”, 5th Edition, CRC Press, New York, 2007
  • G. D. Hobson and W. Pohl, “Modern Petroleum Technology”, 6th Edition, Wiley, New York, 2000.
  • B. K. Bhaskara Rao, “A Text on Petrochemicals”, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi, 2008.
  • R. A. Meyers, “Handbook of Petroleum Refining Processes”, 2nd Edition, McGraw Hill, New York, 1996
  • J. A. Moulijin, M. Makkee and A. Van Diepen, “Chemical Process Technology”, Wiley, New York, 2001.
  • I. D. Mall, “Petrochemical Process Technology”, Macmillan India Ltd, New Delhi, 2007.
  • . Sami Matar and Lewis F Hatch, “Chemistry of Petrochemical Processes”, Gulf Publishing Company, Houston, Texas, 2000.