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Course Detail

Course Name Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry III – Theory
Course Code BP401T
Program B. Pharm. (Regular/ Lateral)
Semester Four
Credits 4
Year Taught 2014 , 2015 , 2016 , 2017 , 2018


Course Content

Note: To emphasize on definition, types, mechanisms, examples, uses/applications

Unit I

Stereo isomerism

Optical isomerism –
Optical activity, enantiomerism, diastereoisomerism, meso compounds
Elements of symmetry, chiral and achiral molecules
DL system of nomenclature of optical isomers, sequence rules, RS system of nomenclature of optical isomers
Reactions of chiral molecules
Racemic modification and resolution of racemic mixture.
Asymmetric synthesis: partial and absolute

(10 Hours)

Unit II

Identification of bacteria using staining techniques (simple, Gram’s & Acid fast staining) and bio- chemical tests (IMViC).
Study of principle, procedure, merits, demerits and applications of physical, chemical gaseous,radia- tion and mechanical method of sterilization.
Evaluation of the efficiency of sterilization methods.
Equipments employed in large scale sterilization.
Sterility indicators.

(10 Hours)

Unit III

Geometrical isomerism
Nomenclature of geometrical isomers (Cis Trans, EZ, Syn Anti systems)
Methods of determination of configuration of geometrical isomers.
Conformational isomerism in Ethane, n-Butane and Cyclohexane.
Stereo isomerism in biphenyl compounds (Atropisomerism) and conditions for optical activity.
Stereospecific and stereoselective reactions

(10 Hours)

Unit IV

Heterocyclic compounds:
Nomenclature and classification
Synthesis, reactions and medicinal uses of following compounds/derivatives
Pyrrole, Furan, and Thiophene
Relative aromaticity and reactivity of Pyrrole, Furan and Thiophene

(08 Hours)

Unit V

Reactions of synthetic importance
Metal hydride reduction (NaBH4 and LiAlH4), Clemmensen reduction, Birch reduction, Wolff Kishner reduction.
Oppenauer-oxidation and Dakin reaction.
Beckmanns rearrangement and Schmidt rearrangement.
Claisen-Schmidt condensation

(07 Hours)


‘Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry III – Theory’ is a course offered in the fourth semester of B. Pharm program at School of Pharmacy, Health Sciences campus, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham.

Scope & Objectives

Course Duration: 45 Hours


This subject imparts knowledge on stereo-chemical aspects of organic compounds and organic re- actions, important named reactions, chemistry of important hetero cyclic compounds. It also emphasizes on medicinal and other uses of organic compounds.


At the end of the course, the student shall be able to

  1. Understand the methods of preparation and properties of organic compounds
  2. Explain the stereo chemical aspects of organic compounds and stereo chemical reactions
  3. Know the medicinal uses and other applications of organic compounds


Recommended Books (Latest Editions)

  1. Organic chemistry by I.L. Finar, Volume-I & II.
  2. A text book of organic chemistry – Arun Bahl, B.S. Bahl.
  3. Heterocyclic Chemistry by Raj K. Bansal
  4. Organic Chemistry by Morrison and Boyd
  5. Heterocyclic Chemistry by T.L. Gilchrist

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