Course Title: 
Pharmacognosy & Phytopharmaceuticals - Theory
Year Taught: 
Postgraduate (PG)
School of Pharmacy

'Pharmacognosy & Phytopharmaceuticals - Theory' is a course offered in the second year of Pharm. D. program at School of Pharmacy, Health Sciences campus, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham.

Course Duration: 3 Hrs./Week


This subject has been introduced for the pharmacy course in order to make the student aware of medicinal uses of various naturally occurring drugs its history, sources, distribution, method of cultivation, active constituents, medicinal uses, identification tests, preservation methods, substitutes and adulterants.

Objectives of the Subject

Upon completion of the course student shall be able to:

  1. Under stand the basic principles of cultivation, collection and storage of crude drugs;
  2. Know the source, active constituents and uses of crude drugs; and
  3. Appreciate the applications of primary and secondary metabolites of the plant.

Text books (Theory)

  1. Pharmacognosy by G.E. Trease & W.C.Evans.
  2. Pharmacognosy by C.K.Kokate,Gokhale & A.C.Purohit.

Reference Books (Theory)

  1. Pharmacognosy by Brady &Tyler.E.
  2. Pharmacognosy by T.E.Wallis.
  3. Pharmacognosy by C.S. Shah & Qadery.
  4. Pharmacognosy by M.A. Iyengar.

Title of the topic

  1. Introduction.
  2. Definition, history and scope of Pharmacognosy.
  3. Classification of crude drugs.
  4. Cultivation, collection, processing and storage of crude drugs.
  5. Detailed method of cultivation of crude drugs.
  6. Study of cell wall constituents and cell inclusions.
  7. Microscopical and powder Microscopical study of crude drugs.
  8. Study of natural pesticides.
  9. Detailed study of various cell constituents.
  10. Carbohydrates and related products.
  11. Detailed study carbohydrates containing drugs.(11 drugs)
  12. Definition sources, method extraction, chemistry and method of analysis of lipids.
  13. Detailed study of oils.
  14. Definition, classification, chemistry and method of analysis of protein.
  15. Study of plants fibers used in surgical dressings and related products.
  16. Different methods of adulteration of crude drugs.