Introduction - meaning of research - objectives of research -motivation in research - types of research - research approaches - significance of research -research methods versus methodology - research and scientific method - importance of knowing how research is done - research processes - criteria of good research - defining research problem - selecting the problem - necessity of defining the problem - techniques involved in defining a problem – research design - meaning of research design - need for research design - features of good design - different research designs - basic principles of experimental design
Resources for research - research skills – time management - role of supervisor and scholar - interaction with subject experts. Thesis Writing: The preliminary pages and the introduction - the literature review -methodology - the data analysis - the conclusions - the references (IEEE format).
Review of Literature: Significance of review of literature – source for literature: books - journals – proceedings - thesis and dissertations - unpublished items. On-line Searching: Database – SciFinder – Scopus - Science Direct - Searching research articles - Citation Index - Impact Factor H-index etc.
Tools in Research: Introduction of analytical tools – Introduction to data analysis – least squares fitting of linear data and non-linear data - exponential type data - logarithmic type data - power function data and polynomials of different orders - plotting and fitting of linear, Non-linear, Gaussian, Polynomial, and Sigmoidal type data - fitting of exponential growth, exponential decay type data – plotting polar graphs - plotting histograms - Y error bars - XY error bars - data masking. Quantitative Techniques: General steps required for quantitative analysis -reliability of the data - classification of errors – accuracy – precision – statistical treatment of random errors - the standard deviation of complete results – error proportion in arithmetic calculations - uncertainty and its use in representing significant digits of results - confidence limits - estimation of detection limit
LaTeX and Beamer:Writing scientific report - structure and components of research report - revision and refining’ - writing project proposal - paper writing for international journals, submitting to editors - conference presentation – preparation of effective slides, pictures, graphs - citation styles.