Course Title: 
Research Methodology
Course Code: 
Year Taught: 
Postgraduate (PG)
School of Arts and Sciences

'Research Methodology' is a course offered in the M. Phil. in Computer Science & IT (Part time) at School of Arts and Science, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham.  

The research methodology module is intended to assist students in planning and carrying out research projects. The students are exposed to the principles, procedures and techniques of implementing a research project. The course starts with an introduction to research and carries through the various methodologies involved. It continues with finding out the literature using computer technology and ends with knowing the tools used for data analysis in various systematical way, and writing the report, paper using LateX s/w.

Define research and describe the research process and research methods; Understand and apply basic research methods including research design, data analysis, and interpretation.

Unit I:

Introduction - meaning of research - objectives of research -motivation in research - types of research - research approaches - significance of research -research methods versus methodology - research and scientific method - importance of knowing how research is done - research processes - criteria of good research - defining research problem - selecting the problem - necessity of defining the problem - techniques involved in defining a problem – research design - meaning of research design - need for research design - features of good design - different research designs - basic principles of experimental design

Unit II:

Resources for research - research skills – time management - role of supervisor and scholar - interaction with subject experts. Thesis Writing: The preliminary pages and the introduction - the literature review -methodology - the data analysis - the conclusions - the references (IEEE format).

Unit III:

Review of Literature: Significance of review of literature – source for literature: books - journals – proceedings - thesis and dissertations - unpublished items. On-line Searching: Database – SciFinder – Scopus - Science Direct - Searching research articles - Citation Index - Impact Factor H-index etc.

Unit IV:

Tools in Research: Introduction of analytical tools – Introduction to data analysis – least squares fitting of linear data and non-linear data - exponential type data - logarithmic type data - power function data and polynomials of different orders - plotting and fitting of linear, Non-linear, Gaussian, Polynomial, and Sigmoidal type data - fitting of exponential growth, exponential decay type data – plotting polar graphs - plotting histograms - Y error bars - XY error bars - data masking. Quantitative Techniques: General steps required for quantitative analysis -reliability of the data - classification of errors – accuracy – precision – statistical treatment of random errors - the standard deviation of complete results – error proportion in arithmetic calculations - uncertainty and its use in representing significant digits of results - confidence limits - estimation of detection limit

Unit V:

LaTeX and Beamer:Writing scientific report - structure and components of research report - revision and refining’ - writing project proposal - paper writing for international journals, submitting to editors - conference presentation – preparation of effective slides, pictures, graphs - citation styles.

Text Books:

  1. C. R. Kothari, Research Methodology Methods and Techniques, 2nd. ed. New Delhi: New Age International Publishers, 2009.
  2. R. Panneerselvam, Research Methodology, New Delhi: PHI, 2005
  3. P. Oliver, Writing Your Thesis, New Delhi: Vistaar Publications, 2004
  4. F. Mittelbach and M. Goossens,The LATEX Companion, 2nd. ed. Addison Wesley, 2004


  1. J. W. Creswell, Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches, 3nd. ed. Sage Publications, 2008.
  2. Kumar, Research Methodology: A Step by Step Guide for Beginners, 2nd. ed. Indian: PE, 2005.
  3. B. C. Nakra and K. K. Chaudhry, Instrumentation, Measurement and Analysis, 2nd. ed. New Delhi: TMH publishing Co. Ltd., 2005.
  4. I. Gregory, Ethics in Research, Continuum, 2005.
  5. RanjitKumat, Research Methodology - A step by step guide for beginners , Second edition, Pearson