Data communication, Communication channels: Wireless and Wired communication. Layered architecture and protocols: ISO/OSI, TCP/IP models. Communication technologies: IEEE 802, Multi- protocol label switching, Power line communication. Protocols and standards for information exchange-Standards for smart metering, Modbus, DNP3 , IEC 61850, Ethernet, Power line carrier communication, CAN Bus, I2C, LIN Bus protocol, Modbus protocol structure; Profibus protocol stack, Profibus communication model, Bluetooth, ZigBee, IEEE 801.11-a,b,g,n, Z-Wave, Cellular networks, WiMAX. Sensing measurement control and automation technologies. Communications infrastructure and protocols for smart metering: Home area network, Neighbourhood area network, Data concentrator, Meter data management system. Demand side integration- Services provided by DSI, Hardware support to DSI implementations, system support. Distribution automation equipment: Substation automation, IED, Remote terminal units. Distribution management systems, SCADA, Modelling and analysis tools. Application: System monitoring, operation and management, Interactions in autonomy-stability, Inference and predictions, hierarchical control, decentralized control, swarm robotics. Networked control systems- Time driven, Event driven feedback schemes.