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Course Detail

Course Name Social and Political Philosophy in India
Course Code 21PHL531
Program M.A. in Philosophy
Credits 3


Unit I

Concepts in Vedas: Rashtra, Swarajya and Vairajya, Dharma and Rajadharma, Dandaniti.

Unit II

Concept of the Ruler: Status, Characteristics and Role of the Ruler, Education for the Rulers, Relationship Between the Ruler and the Ruled.

Unit III

Kautilya: Public Administration, Economic Affairs of a State, Organic Theory of the State, Foreign Affairs, Prajadharma and Rajadharma.

Unit IV

State: Origin, Purpose and Goal.
Government: Forms of Governments in Ancient India, The Concept of Sovereignty.
Ancient Indian Methods in Law-Enforcement: Sama, Dana, Bheda and Danda.

Unit V

Gandhian View of Political Power and Social Context, Power-Decentralism and Ramarajya.


“Social and Political Philosophy in India” is a course offered to S3 MA Philosophy students. It aims to provide an insight to the ancient Indian social and political system. The course provides a detailed understanding on various concepts of social and political systems of ancient India from Vedas, Bhagavad Gita and Kautilya’s Arthashastra. This course will help the students to get a clear understanding on the ancient Indian concept of Rashtra and its relevance in the modern world with a critical approach. This course also covers Gandhian concepts on Political Power, Power Decentralisation and Ramarajya.

Course Objectives

1. To introduce the dominant concepts in the social and political domain of India
2. To analyse the concept of Ruler and Ruler in the Ancient Indian concepts
3. To give a critical approach to the public administration and economic affairs of ancient India
4. To analyse the contemporary relevance of Gandhian Philosophy

Course Outcomes

CO1: To get a historical understanding on Ancient Indian social and political system
CO2: Understand the ancient Indian concept of Rashtra
CO3: To analyse the contextual relevance of ancient Indian concepts on public administration
CO4: To develop a culture of critical and analytical thinking


1, Samhitas of- Rgveda and Atharva Veda
2, Ramayana
3, Santiparva of the Mahabharata
4, Manusamhita and Viduraniti
5, Artha Sastra of Kautilya
6, Kamandaka Niti Sara

CO – PO Affinity Map



CO1 1 3 3 3 1
CO2 3 3 1 1
CO3 3 3 3 1
CO4 3 1 3

3- Strong, 2- Moderate, 1- Weak

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