Problems and Principles.
The role of English in India – Objectives of the teaching of English in India.
Theories of language learning – Cognitive, behaviourist, communicative competence, learning vs. acquisition, speech act theory – Differences between first and second language learning Individual variation in language learning performance: language aptitude, motivation and age.
Approaches to Syllabus Design:
Structural-Situational-Functional-Communicative-Emergent (Process vs.Product).
Approaches to Teaching Design:
Audio-Lingual (Structural Drills)-Grammar Translation (Rules and Exercise) – Bilingual(Use of the Mother Tongue)-situational and communicative-Structuring of lesson and classroom interaction-learner-centered teaching and the problems of teaching large classes.
Principles of Material Production:
Teaching of vocabulary – ‘Productive’ and ‘receptive’ vocabulary foundation vocabulary, Basic English – Selection – frequency, utility, universality, productivity, teachability, structural value and regional value of a lexical item – Teaching of structure selection, graduation and repetition-drills.
Error Analysis, Lexicography and Evaluation:
Attitude to error analysis, the concept of inter-language – The art of lexicography and its relevance to a language teaching progarmmes – Testing and evaluation.