Unit 1: Basic Concepts and Properties
Fluid – definition, distinction between solid and fluid - Units and dimensions – Properties of fluids – density, specific weight, specific volume, specific gravity, temperature, viscosity, compressibility, vapour pressure, capillary and surface tension – Fluid statics: concept of fluid static pressure, absolute and gauge pressures – pressure measurements by manometers and pressure gauges.
Unit 2: Fluid Kinematics
Fluid Kinematics - Flow visualization - lines of flow - types of flow - velocity field and acceleration - continuity equation (one and three dimensional differential forms)- Equation of streamline - stream function - velocity potential function - circulation - flow net.
Unit 3: Fluid Dynamics
Fluid dynamics - equations of motion - Euler's equation along a streamline - Bernoulli's equation – applications - Venturi meter, Orifice meter, Pitot tube - dimensional analysis - Buckingham's theorem - applications - similarity laws and models.
Unit 4: Incompressible Fluid Flow
Viscous flow - Navier - Stoke's equation (Statement only) - Shear stress, pressure gradient relationship - laminar flow between parallel plates - Laminar flow through circular tubes (Hagen poiseulle's).
Unit 5: Flow Through Pipes
Hydraulic and energy gradient - flow through pipes - Darcy-weisback's equation - pipe roughness - friction factor - Moody's diagram - minor losses - flow through pipes in series and in parallel - power transmission - Boundary layer flows, boundary layer thickness, boundary layer separation - drag and lift coefficients.