Course Title: 
Transport Phenomena
Course Code: 
Year Taught: 
Subject Core
Undergraduate (UG)
School of Engineering

'Transport Phenomena' is a course offered in the seventh semester of B. Tech. in Chemical Engineering program at School of Engineering, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore.

Unit 1

Review of basic vector algebra and introduction to tensors, Macroscopic – Microscopic-Molecular views of phenomena; Momentum Transport: viscosity, pressure and temperature effect on viscosity of gases and liquids, Newton’s law of viscosity, mechanisms of momentum transport, non-Newtonian fluids & power-law models, derivation of velocity profile using shell balance method, velocity distributions in falling film and circular tube; equations of continuity, motion, and mechanical energy; use of equations of change to solve flow problems; unsteady viscous flow.

Unit 2

Energy Transport: Thermal conductivity, temperature and pressure effect on thermal conductivity of gases and liquids, Fourier’s law, mechanisms of energy transport, derivation of temperature profile using shell energy balance (with electrical, nuclear, viscous and chemical heat source); temperature distribution in solids and laminar flow, heat conduction through composite walls, and cylinders; Combined energy flux vector; equation of energy (alternate forms) - applications to specific systems (forced convection laminar flow in tube, tangential flow in annulus, transpiration cooling); unsteady heat conduction in solids.

Unit 3

Mass Transport: Diffusivity, mechanisms of mass transport, concentration distribution in solids and in laminar flow, Fick’s law, temperature and pressure effect, theory of diffusion in gases and liquids, types of diffusion (ordinary, thermal, pressure, and forced), mass and moles transport, mass & molar average velocities; shell mass balances; concentration distribution through stagnant gas, diffusion in heterogeneous and homogeneous chemical reaction, falling film; Equations of change for multicomponent systems and concentration distribution in turbulent flows: derivation of equation of continuity for binary mixture.

  • R. B. Bird, W. E. Stewart and E. W. Lightfoot, “Transport Phenomena”, 2nd edition, John Wiley, 2002.
  • R. S. Brodkey and H. C. Hershey, “Transport Phenomena”, McGraw Hill, 1988
  • J. R. Welty, R. W. Wilson and C. W. Wicks, “Fundamentals of Momentum, Heat, and Mass Transfer”, 3rd Edition, John Wiley, 1984.
  • J. S. Slattery, “Advanced Transport Phenomena”, Cambridge University Press, 1992.