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A novel 8T cell-based subthreshold static RAM for ultra-low power platform applications

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : Electronics

Source : Electronics, Vol. 9, Issue 6, pp. 1-17, 2020.

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Keywords : subthreshold SRAM; ultra-low power; cell stability; 8T cell

Campus : Chennai

School : School of Engineering

Center : Amrita Innovation & Research

Department : Electronics and Communication

Verified : Yes

Year : 2020

Abstract : Subthreshold SRAMs profit various energy-constrained applications. The traditional 6T SRAMs exhibit poor cell stability with voltage scaling. To this end, several 8T to 16T cell designs have been reported to improve the stability. However, they either suffer one of disturbances or consume large bit-area overhead. Furthermore, some cell options have a limited write-ability. This paper presents a novel 8T static RAM for reliable subthreshold operation. The cell employs a fully differential scheme and features cross-point access. An adaptive cell bias for each operating mode eliminates the read disturbance and enlarges the write-ability as well as the half-select stability in a cost-effective small bit-area. The bit-cell also can support efficient bit-interleaving. To verify the SRAM technique, a 32-kbit macro incorporating the proposed cell was implemented with an industrial 180 nm low-power CMOS process. At 0.4 V and room temperature, the proposed cell achieves 3.6× better write-ability and 2.6× higher dummy-read stability compared with the commercialized 8T cell. The 32-kbit SRAM successfully operates down to 0.21 V (~0.27 V lower than transistor threshold voltage). At its lowest operating voltage, the sleep-mode leakage power of entire SRAM is 7.75 nW. Many design results indicate that the proposed SRAM design, which is applicable to an aggressively-scaled process, might be quite useful in realizing cost-effective robust ultra-low voltage SRAMs

Cite this Research Publication : Taehoon Kim, Sivasundar Manisankar and Yeonbae Chung, "A novel 8T cell-based subthreshold static RAM for ultra-low power platform applications", Electronics, Vol. 9, Issue 6, pp. 1-17, 2020.

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