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A pathway map of prolactin signaling

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling

Source : Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling, Volume 6, Number 3, p.169-173 (2012)

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Keywords : article, catalysis, Janus kinase 2, molecular mechanics, priority journal, prolactin, prolactin receptor, Protein Binding, protein localization, protein protein interaction, Rac protein, signal transduction, STAT protein, transcription regulation

Campus : Amritapuri

School : School of Biotechnology

Department : Bioinformatics

Year : 2012

Abstract : Prolactin (PRL) is a pleiotropic polypeptide hormone secreted primarily by the lactotrophic cells of anterior pituitary gland in vertebrates (Freeman et al. 2000). This hormone family includes placental lactogen (PL) and growth hormone (GH) (Corbacho et al. 2002). Prolactin plays a major role in lactation and reproduction and has been shown to have a multitude of effects relating to growth, development, metabolism, immunoregulation and protection (Ben-Jonathan et al. 2006). The prolactin signaling pathway is initiated by the binding of prolactin with the prolactin receptor (PRLR), a member of class I cytokine receptor superfamily (Binart et al. 2000), which is expressed in a variety of tissues. The PRLR comprises of an extracellular ligand binding domain, a transmembrane domain and an intracellular domain. The PRLR lacks intrinsic kinase activity and transduces signal through kinases that interact with its cytoplasmic tail. Three constitutively active variants of the receptor have been reported in humans (Goffin et al. 2010). Though the signaling reactions downstream of the longest isoform of prolactin receptor have been well established, little is known about prolactin signaling initiated by six other isoforms (Bouilly et al. 2011). Studies also indicate that binding affinity of the human prolactin receptor to nonhuman prolactin is lower than human prolactin (Utama et al. 2009). The prolactin receptor also binds to hPL and hGH leading to the activation of downstream pathways. However, we have not considered these reactions in the current study. This study reports only those reactions, which occur upon stimulation of prolactin receptor with prolactin, based on the criteria described previously (Nanjappa et al. 2011).

Cite this Research Publication : Aab Radhakrishnan, Raju, Rac, Tuladhar, Nd, Subbannayya, Tae, Thomas, J. Kae, Goel, Rac, Telikicherla, Dac, Palapetta, S. Maf, Rahiman, B. Ac, Venkatesh, D. Dd, Urmila, K. - Kd, H. C. Harsha, Mathur, P. Pbf, Prasad, T. S. Kae f g, Pandey, Ahi j k, Shemanko, Cl, and Chatterjee, Aa, “A pathway map of prolactin signaling”, Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling, vol. 6, pp. 169-173, 2012.

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