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Acacia catechu(L.f.) Willd.: A Review on Bioactive Compounds and Their Health Promoting Functionalities

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : MDPI

Source : Plants 2022, 11(22), 3091; DOI:

Url :

Campus : Coimbatore

School : School of Agricultural Sciences

Year : 2022

Abstract : With the advent of pandemics and infectious diseases, numerous research activities on natural products have been carried out to combat them. Researchers are investigating natural products for the treatment and/or management of various infectious diseases and/or disorders. Acacia catechu (L.f.) Willd. belongs to the family Fabaceae (subfamily Mimosoideae) known as Khair or Cutch tree, possesses diverse pharmacological actions, and has been widely used in Asia and different parts of the world. The purpose of the present study is to highlight the phytochemical profile of different parts of A. catechu, the different biological activities of A. catechu extract, and the utilization of A. catechu as food and beverage. The present work constitutes a review of A. catechu; we performed searches (books, Google, Google Scholar, and Scopus publications) to compile the work/investigations made on A. catechu to the present. From our survey, it was concluded that the main phytochemicals compounds in A. catechu are protocatechuic acid, taxifolin, epicatechin, epigallocatechin, catechin, epicatechin gallate, procyanidin, phloroglucin, aldobiuronic acid, gallic acid, D-galactose, afzelchin gum, L-arabinose, D-rhamnose, and quercetin. The whole plant of A. catechu possesses a comprehensive variety of medicinal potentials such as antimicrobial, antidiarrheal, antinociceptive, antihyperlipidemic, antiulcer, antioxidant, antidiabetic, antiproliferative, haemolytic, and anti-inflammatory properties due to the presence of bioactive compounds like flavonoids, alkaloids, and tannins. However, even though the plant’s metabolites were reported to have many different pharmacological uses, there is limited information about their toxicity or clinical trials. Further research on diverse metabolites of A. catechu should be carried out to ensure the safety or utilization of this plant in the pharma or food industries and in the development of potent plant-based drugs.

Cite this Research Publication : Kumari, M.; Radha; Kumar,M.; Zhang, B.; Amarowicz, R.; Puri,S.; Pundir, A.; Rathour, S.; Kumari,N.; Chandran, D., Abhijit Dey, Niharika Sharma, Sureshkumar Rajalingam, Pran Mohankumar, Surinder Sandhu, Nutan Pant, Raja Priya Ravichandran, Marimuthu Subramani, Kunjammal Pandi, Muthamilselvan Muthukumar, Gokhan Zengin, Mohamed Mekhemar, and Jose M. Lorenzo, "Acacia catechu(L.f.) Willd.: A Review on Bioactive Compounds and Their Health Promoting Functionalities," Plants 2022, 11(22), 3091; DOI:

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