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Adoption of online proctored examinations by university students during COVID-19: Innovation diffusion study.

Publication Type : Journal Article

Thematic Areas : Learning-Technologies

Publisher : Educ Inf Technol (Dordr).

Source : Educ Inf Technol (Dordr), p.1-20 (2021)

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Keywords : Covid-19, Diffusion, Innovation, Online exams, University students.

Campus : Amritapuri

School : Department of Computer Science and Engineering, School of Engineering

Center : Amrita Center For Research in Analytics, Computational Linguistics and Indic Studies, Technologies & Education (AmritaCREATE)

Department : Computer Science

Year : 2021

Abstract : COVID-19 global pandemic pushed a large number of higher educational institutions to use Online Proctored Exams (OPE) because of government-imposed lockdowns. Treating OPE as an educational technology innovation, we apply the diffusion of innovation theory in predicting factors affecting its adoption by university students which we believe is the first of its kind research study. The study presented here reviews OPE, its types, architecture, challenges, and prospects and then focuses on the student adoption experience at a large, multi-campus higher educational institution. We have used the fine-grained Aspect Level Sentiment Analysis to check the university students' attitudes towards the Online Proctored Exams. We then used linguistic features to extract the aspect terms present in the feedback comments which showed that 55% of university students having a positive attitude towards OPE. Results of our study show that innovation characteristics such as relative advantage, compatibility, ease of use, trialability, and observability were found to be positively related to acceptance of OPE.

Cite this Research Publication : Raghu Raman, B, S., G, V., Vachharajani, H., and Prof. Prema Nedungadi, “Adoption of online proctored examinations by university students during COVID-19: Innovation diffusion study.”, Educ Inf Technol (Dordr), pp. 1-20, 2021.

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