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An experimental investigation of thermal mixing and combustion in supersonic flows

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : Combustion and Flame

Source : Combustion and Flame, Volume 107, Number 4, p.464 - 474 (1996)

Url :

Campus : Coimbatore

School : Department of Aerospace Engineering, School of Engineering

Department : Aerospace

Verified : No

Year : 1996

Abstract : A radially lobed nozzle (petal nozzle) is being increasingly recognised as a potential candidate for promoting mixing in compressible flows. An experimental investigation has been conducted to study its effectiveness in improving thermal mixing and combustion in supersonic flow. A hot gas jet issuing supersonically from a lobed nozzle mixes with a cold supersonic jet in a circular mixing tube. The two jets issue coaxially. A detailed survey of the flow field inside the mixing duct reveals that nearly complete thermal mixing (as exemplified by the nearly uniform temperature distribution) could be achieved in a short distance when a lobed nozzle is employed. The results also indicate the presence of large-scale vortices in the flow field downstream of the lobed nozzle. Having thus created a field in which mixing is good, supersonic combustion was then attempted. Kerosene was introduced into the hot stream issuing from the lobed nozzle and it burned mainly in the mixing tube, which served as a supersonic combustor. Resulting temperature and pressure rises were measured and the supersonic combustion efficiency was found to be of the order of 60%. The performance of a conventional conical nozzle was found to be much inferior to that of the petal nozzle under identical conditions.

Cite this Research Publication : Dr. Srikrishnan A. R., Kurian, J., and Sriramulu, V., “An experimental investigation of thermal mixing and combustion in supersonic flows”, Combustion and Flame, vol. 107, pp. 464 - 474, 1996.

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