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Aortic root widening: “pro et contra”

Publication Type : Journal Article

Thematic Areas : Medical Sciences

Source : Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Springer (2022)

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Keywords : Aortic root enlargement, aortic valve stenosis, Manouguian, Nicks, Patient-prosthesis mismatch

Campus : Kochi

School : School of Medicine

Department : C. V. T. S.

Year : 2022

Abstract : In patients with a small aortic annulus, the clinical benefits of aortic valve replacement depend on avoidance of patient-prosthesis mismatch as it is associated with reduced overall survival. Aortic root widening or enlargement is a useful technique to implant larger valve prosthesis to prevent patient-prosthesis mismatch. Posterior annular enlargement is the commonest technique used for aortic root enlargement. Consistent enlargement of the aortic root requires more extensive procedures like Manouguian or Konno-Rastan techniques. The patients commonly selected are younger patients with good life expectancy. However, caution is advised in applying this procedure in elderly patients, patients with heavily calcified annulus and when performing concomitant procedures. There is no definitive conclusion on the best material to use for the reconstruction of aortic annulus and aorta in aortic root enlargement procedures.

Cite this Research Publication : Srimurugan B, Krishna N, Jose R, et al. Aortic root widening: “pro et contra”, Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 2022;38:91–100.

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