Food production techniques have to be improved because of rapid demand in food. Since India has agriculture as the main source of production, proper irrigation schemes are to be employed for an efficient outcome. This design automates the irrigation process thereby reducing the manual intervention and the water losses. It is more helpful in the places where water scarcity is seen more. It consists of 2 sensors which takes the values of temperature of surroundings and moisture level of soil. Output of these sensors are given to ADC and then to microcontroller. Microcontroller compares the values with the threshold values and drives the relay which controls the motor. LCD display is used to display data in the field. GSM modem is also a part of design which helps in transmitting SMS to farmer's phone number which contains the status of motor in field. The design is cost effective and also affordable.
I. Srilikhitha, Saikumar, M. M., Rajan, N., Neha, M. L., and Ganesan, M., “Automatic Irrigation System using Soil Moisture Sensor and Temperature Sensor with Microcontroller AT89S52”, 2017 International Conference on Signal Processing and Communication (ICSPC). pp. 186-190, 2017.